Logical Positivism - Deepstash

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10 schools of philosophy and why you should know them

Logical Positivism

Logical Positivism

It is focused on the idea of verifications. It is trying to base all knowledge on either empirical data or logical tautologies.

The underlying principle of verificationism cannot be shown to be true, making it unsolvable.

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How we perceive philosophy
How we perceive philosophy

When most people think of philosophy, they believe philosophers simply argue about arguing. Philosophy is viewed as impractical and irrelevant to current issues.

In...

Bertrand Russell
Bertrand Russell

"Science is what you know. Philosophy is what you don’t know."

Defining philosophy

Philosophy is examining our understanding of reality and knowledge. Philosophy consists of three major branches:

  1. Metaphysics - What is true about existence.
  2. Epistemology - How we can know that it is true. Epistemology has given us science, logic/reason, economics, psychology, and other theories of knowledge.
  3. Ethics - What actions we should take as a result of this knowledge. Ethics contains concepts such as democracy, human rights, the treatment of animals, and the environment.

When you order your thoughts into a coherent belief system, you are engaging in philosophy. To criticize philosophy, you must rely on philosophy.

One of the reasons why Stoicism is enjoying a revival today is that it gives concrete answers to moral questions.
Aristotle gave us an alternative conception of happiness

It cannot be acquired by pleasurable experiences but only by identifying and realizing our own potential, moral and creative, in our specific environments, with our particular family, friends and colleagues, and helping others to do so. 

Workaholism

Far too many people spend 80% of their waking hours slogging away at a desk and view any break from this routine as a naughty deviation from duties.

Workism, where people worship their work, ...

Workaholism: factors

Many people cannot choose a reasonable work schedule:

  • They're underpaid and dependent on overtime wages for the survival of their families.
  • Many high-status workers who can afford a break, opt instead to toil continually.

This widespread workaholism, in part, reflects the misguided notion that having fun is somehow an over-indulgence.

Working less to produce more

Many people across the world take six weeks of vacation a year and still manage to produce functioning companies and political systems.

Working more than 55 hours a week produces diminishing returns of productivity.