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Cherry Mary

@cmary510

Defensive pessimism vs pessimism

  • Pessimists only expect bad things to happen. And this leads to increased anxiety and decreased perceived goal importance.
  • Defensive pessimists tend to reflect about, or plan for, their performance. This leads to increased perceived goal importance, increased levels of effort, hope and personal goal initiative.

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IDEA EXTRACTED FROM:

The Upside of Defensive Pessimism: The Potential Benefit Anxiety

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