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Is Coffee Good for You?

Coffee in moderation

Coffee was once believed to be a possible carcinogen. However, the evidence is consistent that coffee in moderation is associated with a lower risk of mortality.

Research found moderate coffee drinkers had less cardiovascular disease and premature death from heart attacks and stroke. They are less likely to suffer from Type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease and liver conditions. However, research into coffee’s impact on health is ongoing and most of the work in this field is observational.

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IDEA EXTRACTED FROM:

Is Coffee Good for You?

Is Coffee Good for You?

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/13/style/self-care/coffee-benefits.html

nytimes.com

7

Key Ideas

Coffee in moderation

Coffee was once believed to be a possible carcinogen. However, the evidence is consistent that coffee in moderation is associated with a lower risk of mortality.

Research found moderate coffee drinkers had less cardiovascular disease and premature death from heart attacks and stroke. They are less likely to suffer from Type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease and liver conditions. However, research into coffee’s impact on health is ongoing and most of the work in this field is observational.

The way coffee is prepared matters

  • Roasting reduces the number of chlorogenic acids, but other antioxidant compounds are formed.
  • Instant coffee may not have the same health benefits.
  • The oil in boiled coffee has cafestol and kahweol, compounds known to raise LDL, the bad cholesterol, and slightly lower HDL, the good cholesterol. However, the clinical significance of such small increases in cholesterol may be questionable.

Coffee and caffeine

  • A typical 12-ounce serving of drip coffee has 200 milligrams of caffeine.
  • Instant coffee has 140 milligrams of caffeine.
  • Espresso has the highest concentration of caffeine, 70 milligrams per one-ounce shot, but is consumed in smaller quantities.
  • Brewed decaf has caffeine too - about 8 milligrams.
  • Some people have a genetic variant that slows their metabolism for caffeine and keeps them awake deep into the night.

Coffee addiction

Caffeine is a psychoactive drug. A moderate amount can wake you up, lift your mood, energy, alertness, concentration, and athletic performance. On average, it takes four to six hours to metabolize half the caffeine.

Withdrawal symptoms include a headache, fatigue, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and depressed mood.

The coffee bean

Coffee beans are inside the red fruit of Coffea. They are green in color and turn a rich brown hue after roasting.

There are about 124 Coffea species, and most flavors remain unknown. Two species are mainly used for our coffee: arabica and canephora, known as robusta. Arabica costs more and fills specialty cafes, while the more common robusta is used for instant coffees and some espressos.

Coffee with milk or sugar

One study found that those adding sugar, cream or milk to their coffee had the same associated benefit as those who preferred it black.

However, sweet coffee and tea are the fourth largest source of sugar in the diets of adults and is concerning.

Drinking more coffee

If you are enjoying coffee in moderation, doctors say you can continue onward and enjoy it.

A moderate amount would be 3 to 5 cups or up to 400 milligrams of caffeine a day.

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Better in group tasks

A recent study found that if you have coffee before a conversation, it will actually make you focus better and feel better about the people you are talking to.

The ideal time to drink coffee

If you want to maximize the benefits of caffeine, you should have your first cup about four hours after you wake up.

You are naturally alert when you wake up because your cortisol levels are high. So drinking caffeine first thing is just going to make the drop even harder a few hours later.

Extending your lifespan

According to studies, coffee drinkers had a slightly lower risk of death over 10 years (10 to 15%) than those who don't drink it regularly.

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Research Findings On Supplements

  • Pharmaceuticals undergo extensive testing to prove they're effective and safe before they can be sold, but dietary supplements can be sold without proof of claims, effectiveness or safety.

Supplements And Doctor Prescriptions

Because of the potential risks and unclear benefits of supplements, most doctors advise against them. However, doctors often recommend specific vitamin and mineral supplements to their patients, such as calcium and vitamin D to prevent osteoporosis and iron for people with iron deficiency.

When Buying Supplements

  • Consider only single-ingredient supplements. Multi-ingredient supplements make it hard to identify which substance is having an effect and they are more likely to be adulterated with banned drugs.
  • Tell your doctor about any supplement you take, so they can check it will interact with any of the medicines you're on.

The power of caffeine

Scientists determined that a person who was more sensitive to the bitter taste of caffeine drank more coffee.

The stimulating effects of caffeine on the brain act as a kind of positive reinfo...

Genes and coffee

More research is needed to validate whether there is a causal link between genes and specific taste perceptions.

Scientists are planning to delve further into the relationship between taste perception and health - to evaluate if bitter taste genes have implications on disease risks.