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Cognitive Reserve

Cognitive Reserve

Some people seem to age mostly with minds intact and others notice dramatic slowdowns. The brain appears to have a lot of redundancy built-in - known as cognitive reserve.

Education seems to have a protective effect on aging, possibly because education contributes to cognitive reserve.

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MORE IDEAS FROM THE SAME ARTICLE

Some aspects of cognitive aging can be slowed down with training.

  • To prevent cognitive decline, exercise and eat well while you're younger.
  • Learn more in the early years, and continue learning throughout your lifetime.
  • Avoid multitasking or environ...

Most aspects of mental processing slow down as we age. While we continue to accumulate knowledge of the world at a slower rate, we gain more experience that increases our wisdom.

Researchers disagree in their hypotheses about how our minds tend to get worse with age. What can be observed is the following:

  • Older individuals do struggle more with Stroop tasks, where an automatic habit needs to be overridden by instructions.
  • Older individuals ...

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Cognitive decline is not inevitable

Vital parts of the brain tend to atrophy as we age. But brain scans of some 70-year-olds looks similar to those of 20 to 30-year-olds.

Cognitive decline is not inevitable as you age. Research points to healthy lifestyle habits that may keep the mind sharp while age...

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Cognitive Load Theory

Cognitive load theory, developed in the 1980s by psychologist John Sweller , has become a dominant paradigm for the design of teaching materials.

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Research shows that children are proficient at learning a second language up until the age of 18, roughly ten years later than earlier estimates. It also shows that it is best to start another language by age ten if you want to achieve the grammatical ability of a native speaker.

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