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Keeping things in perspective

The virus can be wiped clean

The virus can be effectively cleared from surfaces. Use a solution of ethanol (62-71% alcohol), hydrogen peroxide (0,5% hydrogen peroxide) or sodium hypochlorite (0.1% bleach).

However, frequent handwashing with soap and water is the most effective way to avoid contagion.

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Keeping things in perspective

Keeping things in perspective

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/03/coronavirus-ten-reasons-not-to-panic/

weforum.org

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Key Ideas

We know what it is

Unlike the AIDs virus that took more than two years to identify, the new virus took only ten days. We know:

  • It is a new virus from group 2B
  • Genetic analysis has confirmed that it has a recent natural origin and that its mutation rate may not be very high.

We know how to detect the virus

A test to detect the virus has been available since January 13.

The situation is improving in China

For several weeks now, the number of cases diagnosed daily is dropping.

From a very detailed epidemiological follow-up in other countries, we know outbreaks are very specific to areas and can be controlled easier.

81% of cases are mild

  • There are no symptoms or just mild ones for the majority of people.
  • In 14% of the cases, it can cause severe pneumonia.
  • In 5%, it can become critical or even fatal.

People heal

There are 13 times more cured cases than deaths, and that proportion is rising.

Symptoms appear mild in children

  • Symptoms in children are so mild that it can go unnoticed.
  • Only 3% of cases occur in people under 20.
  • Mortality under 40 is only 0.2%.

The virus can be wiped clean

The virus can be effectively cleared from surfaces. Use a solution of ethanol (62-71% alcohol), hydrogen peroxide (0,5% hydrogen peroxide) or sodium hypochlorite (0.1% bleach).

However, frequent handwashing with soap and water is the most effective way to avoid contagion.

There are already vaccine prototypes

There are more than eight vaccine projects underway against the new virus.

Another vaccine group in Australia is working on a prototype using a novel technique called "molecular clamp."

Antiviral trials are underway

There are over 80 clinical trials analyzing treatments for the new virus. These are antivirals that have been used for other infections, are approved and safe.

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The New Virus and The Flu

According to health officials, tens of thousands of Americans die from the flu each year, while the new virus has far less infected. 

But the new virus may, in fact, be deadlier, and th...

Contagious And Hidden

  • The new virus is contagious, with a high reproduction rate.
  • The people who aren't displaying any outside symptoms are also contagious, making the new virus difficult or even impossible to control.
  • Currently, no one knows how many people are carrying the dormant virus in them while displaying no symptoms.

No Cure So Far

Older people and those with weak immunity are more susceptible to the virus. Children, who get infected severely by the flu are only showing mild or no symptoms to the new virus.

Flu infects far more people but there are vaccines for it. The new virus currently has no treatment or vaccination.

Current data for the severity of the virus shows that 80 percent have a mild infection, 15 percent had a severe illness and 5 percent critical illness.

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Outbreak terms

  • Endemic is a disease that regularly infects humans, like the flu.
  • Pandemic is a worldwide spread of a new disease. 
  • Epidemic

Public health measures

  • Social distancing is a slew of tactics meant to keep people at a six feet distance from each other to keep droplets from an infected person's nose or mouth from landing on another person.
  • Quarantine is restricting the movement of, or isolating, people who might have been exposed to an infection but who aren't sick.
  • Isolation is separating people with confirmed or probable infections from other healthy people.
  • Lockdown is a term used by public health officials or lawyers to refer to anything from mandatory geographic quarantine to non-mandatory recommendations to shelter in place, to anything in between.
  • Cordon sanitaire is the restriction of movement in and out of a region or city.
  • Shelter in place is an order requesting people to stay at home, except for trips to the grocery store, pharmacies, and other essential errands.

Medical equipment

  • A ventilator is a machine that assists a patient in breathing when they have trouble breathing on their own.
  • PPE (Personal protective equipment), such as masks, gloves, face shields, and other gear that keeps health care workers from catching an infection.
  • A respirator is a face mask that seals around the mouth and filters out particles from the air before they are breathed in.
  • Surgical mask or face mask are loose-fitting masks that don't filter out all the particles but stop a wearer from spreading droplets of contagion when they sneeze or cough.

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Spreading of diseases

Transmissible diseases existed during humankind’s hunter-gatherer days, but the shift to agrarian life 10,000 years ago created communities that made epidemics more possible.
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430 B.C.: Plague of Athens

The earliest recorded pandemic happened during the Peloponnesian War. It passed through Libya, Ethiopia, and Egypt,  and it reached Athens as the Spartans laid siege. Two-thirds of the population died.
The disease, suspected to have been typhoid fever, weakened the Athenians significantly and played a big role in their defeat by the Spartans.

165 A.D.: The Antonine Plague

It may have been an early appearance of smallpox that began with the Huns.
The Huns then infected the Germans, who passed it to the Romans and then returning troops spread it throughout the Roman empire.  This plague continued until about 180 A.D., claiming Emperor Marcus Aurelius as one of its victims.

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