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Keeping things in perspective

The virus can be wiped clean

The virus can be effectively cleared from surfaces. Use a solution of ethanol (62-71% alcohol), hydrogen peroxide (0,5% hydrogen peroxide) or sodium hypochlorite (0.1% bleach).

However, frequent handwashing with soap and water is the most effective way to avoid contagion.

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Keeping things in perspective

Keeping things in perspective

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/03/coronavirus-ten-reasons-not-to-panic/

weforum.org

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Key Ideas

We know what it is

Unlike the AIDs virus that took more than two years to identify, the new virus took only ten days. We know:

  • It is a new virus from group 2B
  • Genetic analysis has confirmed that it has a recent natural origin and that its mutation rate may not be very high.

We know how to detect the virus

A test to detect the virus has been available since January 13.

The situation is improving in China

For several weeks now, the number of cases diagnosed daily is dropping.

From a very detailed epidemiological follow-up in other countries, we know outbreaks are very specific to areas and can be controlled easier.

81% of cases are mild

  • There are no symptoms or just mild ones for the majority of people.
  • In 14% of the cases, it can cause severe pneumonia.
  • In 5%, it can become critical or even fatal.

People heal

There are 13 times more cured cases than deaths, and that proportion is rising.

Symptoms appear mild in children

  • Symptoms in children are so mild that it can go unnoticed.
  • Only 3% of cases occur in people under 20.
  • Mortality under 40 is only 0.2%.

The virus can be wiped clean

The virus can be effectively cleared from surfaces. Use a solution of ethanol (62-71% alcohol), hydrogen peroxide (0,5% hydrogen peroxide) or sodium hypochlorite (0.1% bleach).

However, frequent handwashing with soap and water is the most effective way to avoid contagion.

There are already vaccine prototypes

There are more than eight vaccine projects underway against the new virus.

Another vaccine group in Australia is working on a prototype using a novel technique called "molecular clamp."

Antiviral trials are underway

There are over 80 clinical trials analyzing treatments for the new virus. These are antivirals that have been used for other infections, are approved and safe.

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The earliest recorded pandemic happened during the Peloponnesian War. It passed through Libya, Ethiopia, and Egypt,  and it reached Athens as the Spartans laid siege. Two-thirds of the population died.
The disease, suspected to have been typhoid fever, weakened the Athenians significantly and played a big role in their defeat by the Spartans.

165 A.D.: The Antonine Plague

It may have been an early appearance of smallpox that began with the Huns.
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The new virus

They are a group of viruses that cause respiratory infections, including the common cold.
They can infect certain animals and spread from one animal to another. They can reach t...

The symptoms

Common symptoms: coughing, fever, and shortness of breath. Non-respiratory symptoms (feeling nauseous, vomiting having diarrhea) were also reported.
The virus is more violent with the elderly, the very young and with individuals that have a weak immune system. The majority of those infected however recover after a few days.

Spreading the virus

Coughs or sneezes from an infected person are the most likely to spread the virus. So it's essential to follow basic hygiene rules:

  • Wash your hand often during the day.
  • Cover coughs and sneezes with your inner elbow or a napkin.
  • Don't touch your eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands.
  • Stay inside if you have any of the symptoms and avoid interacting with people that show signs of the infection as well.

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Flattening the curve
Flattening the curve

It means that all the social distancing measures being adopted these days in many countries aren’t so much about preventing illness but rather slowing down the rate at which people get sick with...

Preventing system overload

Staying home during the pandemic helps prevent health systems from being overloaded.
Overloading hospitals can likely be averted with protective measures like closing schools, canceling mass gatherings, working from home, self-quarantine, self-isolation, avoiding crowds. All these keep the virus from spreading fast.

Stay informed by trusted sources

Facts will minimize your fear. There are two sources to use for managing fear in the new virus response: The World Health Organization and your national authority.

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Always return to yourself

Many consultants have headaches and nausea when they deal with stress and emotion. There are also times when there is nothing they can do, for example, provide beds, masks, and other needed supplies.

A psychological consultant advises that you should be aware of yourself, and distinguish which emotions are yours, which are the patients, and which are your empathy.

The effects of being isolated

Consider unexpected risks associated with the response to the outbreak, for example, poor mental health that is related to social isolation. Steps to take into account:

  • Staying connected with your social and family networks via technology
  • Keeping your daily routines as much as possible
  • Exercising regularly and practicing habits that you enjoy and find relaxing
  • Seeking practical, credible information at specific times of the day.

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The Common Cold

With over 200 different kinds of viruses that make up the common cold, Science is struggling to find a cure.

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The 7 Identified Virus Families

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  • metapneumovirus.
Vaccines vs Drugs

For Doctors, vaccines are preferable to drugs as they protect the host even before any infection.

For Pharmaceutical companies (Big Pharma), vaccines don't spell money, as much as over-the-counter drugs and treatment do.

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An Uncertain World
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  • Epistemic Uncertainty: Uncertain information and data about the past or present, which can be unraveled by using measuring tools.
  • Aleatory Uncertainty: The unknown things about the future related to randomness, luck, chance or indeterminacy.
  • Deep Uncertainty: Also called radical uncertainty, it is a state in which there are so many unknown things that the future looks like an abyss.
Statistics Vs The Truth

In statistical science, risk is an important uncertainty, but a comparing of risks sometimes does not take into account certain human factors, leading to misinformation or even disinformation. This is due to the statistical models being oversimplifications of the real world.

Statistical data is a ‘Map’, not the actual territory.

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Protection By Face Masks

Due to the Wuhan virus spreading across the world, the use of face masks might seem a good means of protection.

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Protect Yourself Wisely
  • Cloth masks, which are reusable and washable, offer no real protection while being potentially harmful in case there is any moisture retention or dirt in them due to their being reused.
  • It is a good practice to wear a mask all the time, especially if you have any respiratory illness.
  • It is advisable to be careful while removing your mask, as a mere touch of your hands on the front of the mask can contaminate it.
  • It is also advisable not to touch your face or nose too much.
  • Constantly and frequently wash your hands, all year round, and get a flu shot, as it is flu season. While a flu shot is not a protection against the virus, it is still advisable to get one.