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Everyday exercise: How to work out at home without equipment

Flexibility, balance, and mobility

Strength and flexibility routines help balance, will reduce joint pain, and reduce the risk of falls.

Yoga, pilates, and tai chi are examples of flexibility exercises.

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Everyday exercise: How to work out at home without equipment

Everyday exercise: How to work out at home without equipment

https://www.bbc.com/sport/get-inspired/32416767

bbc.com

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Key Ideas

Cardio exercise

Exercise offers a whole host of benefits to health and well-being. Cardiovascular exercises aim to get your heart rate up and increase blood circulation.

Walking is a great way to get active. Another is the skipping rope, or to put on music and dance.

Strength & resistance exercises

Resistance and strength exercises can help strengthen your muscles. This is usually done on the spot and will not make you out of breath like cardio exercises.

Instead of using tools like weights or resistance bands, you can use tins of baked beans or bags of rice.

Flexibility, balance, and mobility

Strength and flexibility routines help balance, will reduce joint pain, and reduce the risk of falls.

Yoga, pilates, and tai chi are examples of flexibility exercises.

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Your goals with home exercising
Your goals with home exercising

Consider what you're trying to achieve.

  • If your goal is general health and well-being, a pleasant stroll is sufficient.
  • If you want to lift heavy weigh...
Heavy kettlebells

Two heavy kettlebells are the next best thing to a bar and plates. A weight of between 20 and 24 kilograms (45 to 52 pounds) is recommended.

By using the kettlebells individually or together, you can focus on almost every muscle group by squatting, swinging, pressing, pulling, or pushing them.**

Resistance bands and a stick

Two kettlebells might not be enough resistance for movements like squats and deadlifts. Some resistance or pull-up bands can increase resistance when you do "sumo-style" squats and deadlifts by looping one band around your wide-spread feet and through the handles of the kettlebells.

Add a wooden broom handle, and you have a wide range of new exercises. With a stick and a band, you can do many pulling exercises.

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HIIT: high-intensity interval training
HIIT: high-intensity interval training

HIIT workouts generally combine short bursts of intense heart-pounding exercise (during which a person’s heart rate reaches at least 80 percent of its maximum capacity, usually for 1 to 5 minute...

The most well-established benefit of HIIT...

...has to do with heart health: Intervals can boost cardio-respiratory health with a smaller time investment compared to continuous forms of exercise

It's not about superior fat-burning capacity or bigger muscles, but about improved VO2 max, a measure of endurance that calculates the maximum volume of oxygen the body can use.

VO2 max is one of the best predictors of overall health.

HIIT and weight loss

People can burn comparable amounts of calories in HIIT routines lasting, compared to longer continuous exercise routines. But  this doesn't mean that calorie burn translates into weight loss

This is the problem with HIIT, just like with any other form of exercise: it’s much easier to lose weight by cutting calories in your diet than trying to burn excess calories.

Calisthenics
Calisthenics

Calisthenics is a form of fitness consisting of different movements that exercise large muscle groups: running, standing, grasping, pushing, etc.
You don't rely on anything but a person's own...

Get your body ready

Before you start doing any exercises, make sure you're all warmed up.
Do 5-10 minutes of cardio, just to get your heart rate up a bit.
Motivation tip: Listening to music can help you feel motivated throughout your workout.

Mountain climbers

Muscles worked: abs, obliques, quads, hamstrings, deltoids, biceps, triceps, and the chest.
Start off in the standard push up position. Pull your knees up to your chest, one at a time, in quick succession. You want to keep your body in a push-up position all the way through the exercise, so don't bob your hips up and down as you're tucking your legs in.  Do 20 seconds three times.

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The real benefits

Working out at home is a tricky concept and can be harder to execute when the couch is right there in your view.

You can gain a lot from giving physical activity a real place of privilege in...

Home exercises can help

It's tough to build a lot of strength or otherwise make progress without the incremental weights you find at a gym, but a few inexpensive home tools and specific movements can go a long way.

It is important to ensure that you prioritize compound movements that work muscle systems, not individual muscles. You'll get a lot more done in less time if you focus on bigger movements - squat, bench, deadlift, row, overhead press.

Lower and upper body movements

Goblet squats and squat jumps are great for your lower body when you only have dumbbells. You could also try lunge variations, split squats, step-ups, and deadlift variations.

For your upper body, you could do some chest presses, pushups, row variations, curls, tricep extensions or pullups (if you have a pullup bar installed in a doorway.)

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Mental Health on the Rise

Mental health issues are on the rise globally, due to a complex life that has us pursue perfection in every aspect of our lives.

Cases of chronic depression and anxiety are normally treated u...

Exercise to treat Depression

Regular exercise can treat mild to moderate depression, as good as the antidepressants.

Exercise provides us with feel-good chemicals made naturally inside our body, as the brain releases endorphins, dopamine, and serotonin.

Exercising for Self-Esteem

Exercise also has a psychological benefit of making us feel great.

Using exercise as a social activity, we improve our self-esteem and get to meet new people, forming healthy and positive connections

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Keeping fit

Everyone is stressed at the moment and are not sleeping well. Exercise can decrease stress and anxiety. Moving will likely improve your sleep.

Who can exercise
  • If you are under 70 with no underlying conditions, you can walk the dog, go for a run or a bike ride, provided you keep your distance.
  • If you are over 70 and self-isolating, or pregnant, or having an underlying health condition but feel well, you can also go outside for exercise while keeping your distance.
  • If you have symptoms, or someone in your household has them, it is essential to use movement and activity while isolating yourself.
  • If you are unwell, use your energy to get better, but not to be active.
  • If you are feeling better after having had the virus, return to your regular routine gradually.
Chair tricep dips
  • Sit on the edge of a chair holding onto the front with your hands.
  • Place your feet out in front of you (bent legs for easier option or straight legs to make it harder)
  • Lower your elbows to a 90-degree angle before pushing back up.

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Why HIIT gained popularity
Why HIIT gained popularity
  • HIIT( high-intensity interval training) promises to improve overall health and fitness and it can also be done in a short amount of time.
  • It requi...
The downside of HIIT
  • Though HIIT might sound easy, those 25-30 seconds can feel like they last forever if you’re exercising as hard as you can. Thus, HIIT might not be appropriate for everyone.
  • Some ill people may feel faint, and very rarely pass out. While the benefits still outweigh the risks for most people, HIIT has also been linked to greater risk of injury.
LIIT (low-intensity interval training)

This is a new exercise phenomenon that claims you can still achieve similar fitness results to HIIT, but with lower risk of injury.

Though there is currently no research on the effects of LIIT workouts, the idea is that you still perform exercises in intervals, but these exercises are done at a lower intensity and with more shorter rest time in between.

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CrossFit definition

It's a training philosophy that coaches people of all shapes and sizes to improve their physical well-being and cardiovascular fitness through varied and challenging workouts.

Each day, t...

Scalable based on your skill

Every day there is a particular workout prescribed that is completely scalable based on your skill. For example, if the workout calls for barbell squats with 135 pounds but you can only do squats with the bar (45 pounds), then that’s where you’ll start.

CrossFit is perfect for...
  • Beginners to weight training: If you have never weight trained before, CrossFit is a great place for you to start, provided you have a great coach.
  • People looking for support and community: Every CrossFit gym has a really tight-knit community feel to it.
  • Fitness fanatics: The general protocol is 3 days on, 1 day off, but many CrossFitters end up at the gym more frequently. 
  • Masochists: You’ll often be in situations where you use all your effort to finish a workout and continue to push yourself beyond.
  • Former athletes: You get to compete with people in your class and go online to see how you did against the world’s elite CrossFit athletes.

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The P.A.U.L. method (10 minutes)
The P.A.U.L. method (10 minutes)

Choose one exercise for each of the following four categories:

  • P- Plyometric cardio (e.g., Jumping Jacks)
  • A- Abs (e.g., Plank)
  • U- Upper Body (e.g., Push-Ups)
A HIIT circuit (beginners and advanced)
  • Jumping Jacks: 20 reps or 40 reps
  • Squat: 10 reps or 20 reps
  • Incline push-up: 10 seconds or 20 seconds
  • Plank: 30 seconds or 40 seconds
  • Single-Leg Glute Bridge: 5 reps each leg or 10 reps each leg

Complete this circuit three times with a 30-second rest between each round.

The 3-HIIT wonder (10 minutes)
  • 40 Speed Skaters
  • 10 Floor Burpees
  • 15 Leg Lift + Hip Lift

Set a timer for 10 minutes and complete the circuit as many times as possible with little to no rest over the course of those 10 minutes.

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High-intensity interval training (HIIT)

Any exercise can be a form of HIIT, if it follows a specific regimen where you vary your speeds and intensity when doing it.
Example:

  • Jogging light...
HIIT home workout

HIIT workouts generally only last about 20 minutes, which makes them attractive for busy people (most of us).
A 20-Min HIIT home workout:

  1. Dynamic Warm-up
  2. Bodyweight Squats
  3. Push-ups
  4. Star Jacks (or other dynamic exercises)
  5. Inverted Row (or other pull exercises)
  6. Plank (or other core exercises).
  7. A stretching to cool down.