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How do we protect ourselves at home during quarantine, and what if someone has been exposed? 4 questions answered

Being With An Exposed Person

Infected people are initially unable to realize they are, in fact, infected, as there are no symptoms. Yet they are spreading the infection to others silently.


  • It is imperative to limit contact with others in one’s household, and practice social distancing from them, in separate rooms.
  • Wash your hands regularly and maintain good hygiene.
  • Do not share utensils or household items.
  • Clean surfaces like remote controllers, handles, faucets and your phone, with mild cleaning liquids.
  • Self-quarantine is required for at least 14 days.

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How do we protect ourselves at home during quarantine, and what if someone has been exposed? 4 questions answered

How do we protect ourselves at home during quarantine, and what if someone has been exposed? 4 questions answered

http://theconversation.com/how-do-we-protect-ourselves-at-home-during-coronavirus-and-what-if-someone-has-been-exposed-4-questions-answered-133992

theconversation.com

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Key Ideas

The Infectious Disease Spreads

As a Pandemic spreads across the world, countries have initiated lockdowns, closing schools and non-essential businesses, leaving most of us at home.


Protecting Ourselves From Each Other:
Social Distancing creates a physical separation that reduces one’s risk of infection. However, if we are not living alone, we cannot be completely isolated or protected and may have to take a call on the living situation.


Forget about sleepovers, relatives, friends visits, playdates, parties or group gatherings!

Elders

Elders and anyone with a compromised immune system have to be taken care of by limiting direct contact with them while making sure any contact is done after thoroughly washing the hands. One can stay connected using text messages, phone calls or video chat, as we have to avoid visiting elders at any cost.

Being With An Exposed Person

Infected people are initially unable to realize they are, in fact, infected, as there are no symptoms. Yet they are spreading the infection to others silently.


  • It is imperative to limit contact with others in one’s household, and practice social distancing from them, in separate rooms.
  • Wash your hands regularly and maintain good hygiene.
  • Do not share utensils or household items.
  • Clean surfaces like remote controllers, handles, faucets and your phone, with mild cleaning liquids.
  • Self-quarantine is required for at least 14 days.

Handling An Infected Family Member

It is crucial to protect yourself while taking care of the sick family member, and immediate isolation of the sick person is mandatory.

  • Only one person can be assigned to take care of the sick person while maintaining the hand washing and hygiene protocol.
  • Do not let the sick person sneeze in the open.
  • Do not share utensils or household items.
  • Keep the room ventilated.
  • Wear masks.

Six Feet Apart

In case one is not able to put the sick family member in a separate room, one should maintain a six feet distance at least, and everyone should wear a mask. Hand-washing and cleaning of surfaces in the household is a top priority.

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Protection By Face Masks

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Protect Yourself Wisely
  • Cloth masks, which are reusable and washable, offer no real protection while being potentially harmful in case there is any moisture retention or dirt in them due to their being reused.
  • It is a good practice to wear a mask all the time, especially if you have any respiratory illness.
  • It is advisable to be careful while removing your mask, as a mere touch of your hands on the front of the mask can contaminate it.
  • It is also advisable not to touch your face or nose too much.
  • Constantly and frequently wash your hands, all year round, and get a flu shot, as it is flu season. While a flu shot is not a protection against the virus, it is still advisable to get one.
The new virus

They are a group of viruses that cause respiratory infections, including the common cold.
They can infect certain animals and spread from one animal to another. They can reach t...

The symptoms

Common symptoms: coughing, fever, and shortness of breath. Non-respiratory symptoms (feeling nauseous, vomiting having diarrhea) were also reported.
The virus is more violent with the elderly, the very young and with individuals that have a weak immune system. The majority of those infected however recover after a few days.

Spreading the virus

Coughs or sneezes from an infected person are the most likely to spread the virus. So it's essential to follow basic hygiene rules:

  • Wash your hand often during the day.
  • Cover coughs and sneezes with your inner elbow or a napkin.
  • Don't touch your eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands.
  • Stay inside if you have any of the symptoms and avoid interacting with people that show signs of the infection as well.

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Restarting the economy
Restarting the economy

The economy shut down almost overnight. But reopening it will not happen the same way. It may take months and possibly years to fully open, even under the most optimistic estimates.

Implementation is complicated

The proposed three-phase plan will allow many businesses to open in the first phase.

Schools and daycare centers can open in the next phase. But that means millions of working parents could be asked to return to their jobs before they have someone to take care of their children.

Partial reopening

In the early phases of reopening, businesses could be required to operate at a reduced capacity.

Offices might operate in rotating shifts, but other businesses could have a harder time. Restaurants may have tight profit margins even in better times. Operating at half capacity may mean working at a loss.

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No More Gym Visits

As the novel virus spreads across the world, most people are at home in a lockdown. Personal trainers recommend a few ways to work out from the comfort of your home, without any high-tech equipment...

Home Work Outs

Burpees are a quick push-up and jump combination that can be done easily on a flat surface. It’s a good idea to start with five to ten of them, and then challenge yourself with 100 in one go.


Air squats are an effective basic lower body exercise that can be done anywhere and combined with push-ups, mountain climbers and lunges, become a full body work out.

Work Out Creativity

Simple movements can be made challenging and more effective by holding them at key positions(like the bottom movement of a squat), making the muscles work harder. Any exercise that gets your heart pumping and makes you uses oxygen as fuel for the muscles is a cardio exercise.


Home furniture, like a chair, can be used to support your squats and also your upper body during tricep dips. For weights, broomsticks or jugs full of water can be used.


Keep washing your hands, eating healthy, and hydrating yourself, while getting plenty of sleep.

Humor during a crisis

For ancient Greek philosophers, humor was something that had the potential to undermine authority and the good order.

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The power of laughter
  • Humor, in a way, protects us from life's grim reality. We joke because if we didn't, we'd cry.
  • Humor and laughing are also a social vocalization that includes some and excludes others. Jokes establish who is inside the group and who is not. We laugh with people to belong, and at others to exclude.
  • In our current crises, humor is everywhere because fear is too. Laughter binds us together against a common enemy.
When to joke

Poking fun at the ills of the world is only funny if they are considered benign. No one is making memes about child abuse that may increase during periods of enforced domestic isolation.

Observations about people's behavior can be funny if they poke fun at a social norm in a relatively inoffensive way, such as hoarding toilet paper.

Locked Down
Locked Down

The ongoing lockdown has ensured mandatory time off for many, resulting in youngsters participating in challenges and micro-trends on Zoom, TikTok, Instagram and other social networking hangouts.

Quarantine Trends: Dalgona Coffee

Dalgona Coffee is an early ‘Quarantine Trend’ that took place roughly at the same time that the Lockdowns were enforced around the world. It involves making a frothy coffee using sugar, instant coffee and hot water. 

It went viral on sites like TikTok due to most people being home and wanting to make something that does not require much ingredients or effort. Plus it is delicious to drink too!

Virtual Parties

The video conferencing software Zoom is being used to host virtual PowerPoint parties, happy hours, family get-togethers and religious events. 

While most of these are a form of chatting, via video the PowerPoint parties are something of a new fad, as it requires participants to create short creative presentations, which can get unpredictable and hilarious.

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Lockdown In A New Relationship

Being in Lockdown or in a quarantine complicates dating in unexpected ways, raises some previously unheard questions (like who’s got a more ‘apocalypse’ friendly place) and makes partners feel as if they are already in the boring part of a relationship without any of the initial romance or spark.

Love During Quarantine
  • Constantly sharing updates about the pandemic with your new partner is not a good idea.
  • Social distancing etiquette (hello elbow bumps) may feel awkward, and FaceTime video chats can feel a bit too intimate and over-the-top after a while, as the other person is still a practical stranger.

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Why A Pandemic Is Uniquely Stressful
  • All of our attention is being focused on the threatening aspects of the situation.
  • Headlines are dominated by places where the pandemic is currently hitting the hardest.
  • Our...
Tackling Your Anxiety
  • Reach out to a mental health professional, even if you can’t meet with them in person.
  • Reframe the virus outbreak by temporal distancing, or by focusing your attention on a longer timescale.
  • Try putting the outbreak in historical context (there have been many pandemics during our history).
  • Limit how much information you consume about the new virus outbreak. Find the right balance between being informed and being overwhelmed.
Stress-Reducing Activities
  • Try meditation or any anxiety-busting method that works for you.
  • Look for things that are future-oriented and pleasurable.
  • Do tasks around the house you have been putting off.
  • Think of activities you can still do with your loved ones, even if you can't be with them physically.
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Preventing system overload

Staying home during the pandemic helps prevent health systems from being overloaded.
Overloading hospitals can likely be averted with protective measures like closing schools, canceling mass gatherings, working from home, self-quarantine, self-isolation, avoiding crowds. All these keep the virus from spreading fast.

Touching our faces

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Handwashing is crucial

Effective handwashing consists of five simple steps: wet, lather, scrub, rinse, dry.
Do so for at least 20 seconds.

Stop touching your face
This is a habit you can break:
  • Be mindful of your intention to keep your hands away from your face.
  • Place visual reminders at home and at the office so you will be aware that you want to keep your hands down.
  • Use a scented hand sanitizer or a scented hand soap to help remind yourself to keep hands away from your face. The smell will keep you alert.
  • Use gloves if necessary.