35. False Analogy - Deepstash

35. False Analogy

A peculiar danger of the argument from analogy is the fallacy which is known as false analogy, or reasoning to a conclusion which the similarity does not support. Arguments in which there are many figures of speech, especially when the style is at all florid, are apt to slop over into this fallacy.

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False premises and logical fallacies

A logical fallacy is reasoning that contains a flaw.

Many logical fallacies rely on false premises:

  • Appeal to nature - claiming something is good because it is "natural". Some natural things, like cyanide, is very bad for you.

Begging The Question

This logical fallacy occurs when one’s own assumptions are used to establish their argument and prove it to be true.

Also called circular reasoning, this fallacy leads the person to follow the logic because a certain logic (which may be subjective or even entirely false) i...

How to avoid using false premises

  • Ensure that you're aware of all the premises your argument is based on and that you know that your premises are true.
  • You can engage in self-distancing by treating your arguments as if they're presented by someone else. This can help you rationally...

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