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How to avoid the ‘competency trap’

The Competency Trap: Lessons

  • Companies which have the potential for falling in the competency trap may require an overhaul.
  • Old-school managers who are blinded from future innovations need to be updated.
  • Employees and managers should work within the research and development departments for some time to help them let go of their cognitive rigidity.
  • Freshers and junior employees have innovative viewpoints and need to be heard by senior management.

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How to avoid the ‘competency trap’

How to avoid the ‘competency trap’

https://www.bbc.com/worklife/article/20200608-what-is-the-competency-trap

bbc.com

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Key Ideas

The Competency Trap

The company having the original PC technology back in the 70s was Xerox. This was a time when their photocopiers were a worldwide hit, and even their brand name ‘Xerox’ was used as a verb. They had a research centre to develop new technologies, where they invented the PC (similar to what we see even today) and a graphical word processor. But even after inventing futuristic products, which were inspirations for what Steve Jobs and Bill Gates did for the computing industry, Xerox failed to capitalize or commercialize them.

Past success and entrenched expertise prevented the pioneers of great technology to deal with a changing, uncertain and fast-moving market. Xerox forgot to grow, evolve, stay nimble and keep an eye out for the changing market dynamics.

The Problem Of Success

Successful organizations start having rigid corporate cultures, which crumble when the outside world evolves, which is always inevitable.

The rules and assumptions that companies operate on, become embedded, making the employees blinded from any potential future innovations.

The Sunk-Cost Bias

... is a reluctance to give up on the past spendings and investments made on projects or products that are no longer providing any return.

The managers are usually unable to make strong decisions and keep adding costs to failed (or about to fail) projects.

Failing To See The Future

  • AT&T invented the telephone and began working on mobile communication as early as the 1940s, yet it was Motorola which eventually created the first hand-held cell phones for the mass market.
  • Kotak, the film company, had a digital camera sensor ready in the 80s, yet chose to continue focusing on film and film-related products, as it was the cash cow of that time.

The Competency Trap: Lessons

  • Companies which have the potential for falling in the competency trap may require an overhaul.
  • Old-school managers who are blinded from future innovations need to be updated.
  • Employees and managers should work within the research and development departments for some time to help them let go of their cognitive rigidity.
  • Freshers and junior employees have innovative viewpoints and need to be heard by senior management.

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