The Art and (Proto)Science of Alchemy
Achievements of Alchemists in the Middle Ages
- Medieval alchemists made hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, potash, and sodium carbonate.
- They identified the elements arsenic, antimony, and bismuth.
- They invented and developed laboratories that are still used today in a modified form.
- The practice of alchemy laid the foundation for further development of chemistry as a scientific discipline.
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