The Art and (Proto)Science of Alchemy - Deepstash

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The Art and (Proto)Science of Alchemy

thoughtco.com

Medieval Alchemy

Alchemy in the Middle Ages was a mixture of science, philosophy, and mysticism. Alchemists approached their craft, believing that purity of mind, body, and spirit was necessary.

Medieval alchemy was centered around the idea that all matter was composed of four elem...

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  • Alchemy emerged independently in China, India, and Greece, but degenerated into superstition. It drifted to Egypt and survived as a scholarly discipline.
  • In the 12th century, it was revived in Europe when scholars translated Arabic works into Latin.
  • By the end of the 13th...

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  • To discover the relationship of man to the cosmos.
  • To find the ingredient to make an elixir of immortality and transform common substances into gold.
  • Late in the Middle Ages, to use alchemy as a tool in the progress of medicine.

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  • Medieval alchemists made hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, potash, and sodium carbonate.
  • They identified the elements arsenic, antimony, and bismuth.
  • They invented and developed laboratories that are still used today in a modified form.
  • The practice of alchemy laid ...

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  • Due to the secrecy of alchemists, the Catholic Church viewed alchemy with suspicion and ultimately condemned it.
  • Alchemy was never taught in Universities but passed on from teacher to apprentice or student.
  • Followers of the occult were attracted to alchemy.
  • Alchem...

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  • Thomas Aquinas, a theologian, studied alchemy before it was condemned by the Church.
  • Roger Bacon was the first European to describe how to make gunpowder.
  • Paracelsus used his knowledge of chemical processes to benefit the...

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