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Modern authors such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau saw education as an effort against the tendencies of human nature.
Humans start out with wild dispositions using violence to achieve their desires, be disorganized, and act egotistically. Education uses culture to interfere with our natural tendencies and accomplish the opposite.
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Studies in the history of human development show that culture in an anthropological sense is part of adapting to the environmental conditions we live in.
Nature is often seen as the opposite of culture - nature cannot be the result of human interference, and cultural development is achieved against nature.
Over the past decades, the view that came to be most plausible is that culture is part of the ecological niche within which humans live. Through the ages, we bring our culture along with us.
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Find out about the humans before us.
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This has been one of my most favourite long-reads yet! As an A-Level biology student, I really resonated with the explanations and was able to understand how different aspects, some surprising, can possibly tie in to our development as a whole. It is a big question that surprisingly isn't asked enough- instead of our lifestyles, how will we change in the future?
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