Improve your metacognition
You need to master these skills:
- Planning: think about the right learning methods you will use for learning something new and the way you will manage your time and energy.
- Monitoring: be aware of your progress while learning; don't be passive and always question everything.
- Evaluating: when you finish a chunk, consider your performance and assess the strategies you used.
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Convergent and divergent thinking
- Convergent thinking. When we want to solve a problem, we tend to look for useful facts to guide us to the correct answer. This type of thinking works well when the problem i...
Divergent thinking and playfulness
Research found that divergent thinking is linked to playfulness and creativity.
Children who play more tend to display curiosity, persistence, nonconformity, and a willingness to take risks. These are important characteristics for innovative solutions.
Divergent thinking can be practiced
- Mind mapping helps your brain work by association. Start in the centre and add notes, connecting branches together.
- Brainstorming. Generate as many ideas as possible.
- Free writing. Focus on the question and write without stopping for a specified time.
- Journaling. It helps to clarify your thinking while producing new ideas.
- Art. Doodling, painting, creating graphs and illustrations will help you think outside the box.
- Role playing. Putting yourself in the shoes of a different character is a good way to practice divergent thinking.
The Blindspot Of Ignorance And Incompetence
Humans are not very good at self-evaluation and may be unaware of how ignorant they are. This psychological deficiency is known as the Dunning-Kruger Effect, where an illu...
Meta-cognitive skills are developed by:
- Self-reflection by journaling, along with a review of your progress and personal changes.
- Using second-level thinking by asking yourself about potential blind spots or missing information.
- Using mental models for testing your assumptions and separating the signal from the noise.
- Taking notes using an app or even pen and paper, trying to visualize your knowledge using diagrams and doodles.
- Being aware of the various cognitive biases that can cloud our thinking, and learning more about them.
Meta-cognition is the essential requirement to be able to gauge one’s competence or the lack of it.
After a project ends, team members often reflect on what worked, and what did not, something known as post-mortem documentation.
What is often overlooked is a pre-mortem exercise ...
Optimism Bias And Temporal Discounting
- Optimism Bias is when we are sure about the success of a certain project or venture and do not take into account the scenarios of failure.
- Temporal Discounting is a cognitive error where we make decisions taking into account the present condition, and not bothering about any future consequences.
Having A Pre-Mortem Meeting
Just one ‘Pre-Mortem’ meeting at the beginning of the project can uncover many blind spots, recalibrating the mindset of all the team members.
Anticipating the future also fosters honest and open communication, and quells any fear.
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