Understanding the term “normal” - Deepstash



Normality: What Does It Really Mean?

Understanding the term “normal”

Understanding the term “normal”

An easy way to understand the term is through the opposite of normal - which is "pathological" or abnormal.

There are four different criteria for defining abnormality:

  • Statistic approach. It is based on the idea that normality is what is most common. But it loses effectiveness when there are many variables.
  • Biological approach. In this approach, behaviors or processes follow biological normality. But the problem with these criteria is that biological laws can be wrong or incomplete.
  • Social approach. It's based on the idea that normality is what society accepts as normal.
  • Subjective approach. If a person considers their behavior as abnormal, it is enough to consider them as such.

Although these criteria are used to diagnose and treat disorders in clinical psychology, we can use them to better understand our personal concept of normal and abnormal.





Personality Psychology: Important Terminology
Personality Psychology: Important Terminology
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Defining Personality

While we often talk about personality, psychologists disagree on what exactly constitutes personality.

Personality is then broadly defined as the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that originate within the person and make a person unique. It is what makes you, you.

Key Characteristics of Personality
  • Personality is organized and consistent.
  • Personality is generally stable, but the environment can influence it. A shy personality in social situations might take charge and be more outspoken in an emergency.
  • Personality causes behaviours to happen. You react to your environment based on your personality.
Narcissism: Me First

To be narcissistic is to be selfish, manipulative, and ego-driven. But this trait has varying degrees of intensity, from reasonable selfishness to a villainous and psychopathic personality disorder...

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

..or NPD, refers to an extremely severe, negative form of narcissism and has the following traits:

  1. Pervasive patterns of self-importance.
  2. Preoccupation of fantasies of extreme power.
  3. A constant need to be admired.
  4. A sense of entitlement.
  5. Lack of empathy.
  6. Willingness to exploit others.
Somewhere Between Black And White

Most narcissists do not fall in the two extremes of angels (zero narcissism) or demons (impairing disorder) but are somewhere in between, a grey area where they exhibit a certain level of narcissism. This makes diagnosis difficult in most cases.

Psychologists have identified two broad types of narcissism, the grandiose and the vulnerable.

Authentic Leaders

They are people of the highest integrity, committed to building enduring organizations. They have a deep sense of purpose and self-discipline, are true to their core values, dare to build th...

Character, Not Style

Leadership has to do with who we are as human beings and the forces that shaped us. Style is the outward manifestation of one’s authentic leadership

Authentic leaders must adapt their styles to fit the situation and capabilities of their teammates.

Real And Genuine

You can’t pretend to be an authentic leader for long because people will eventually sense the lack of authenticity, and ultimately you will not gain the trust of your teammates.

If you are real and genuine people will see you as trustworthy and willing to learn, they will respond positively to requests for help in getting through difficult times.