Becoming an astronaut: The selection process
Choosing NASA's astronauts is not a simple process. In March, 12,040 hopefuls, already in possession of a master's degree, applied to be members of the next class.
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Interpersonal skills are essential: teamwork, followership, leadership, communication skills, especially under stress and over a long-duration, such as a mission to the moon, or Mars.
Astronauts should be able to modulate their skillset, and maybe even their personality, to be prepared for what's needed at the time: Sometimes you are in charge of issuing orders and commanding respect. Other times you might be following orders that mission control sends up.
The focus is on operational experience in situations where they will make real-time decisions in a relatively high-stress environment. To gain this experience, people tend to go to the Antarctic or do wilderness rescue. They may also get their private pilot's license. Teamwork and leadership experience is essential.
When going through so many resumes, it's the unique things that stand out.
The ISS is a multi-nation super satellite, the largest single construct in space, made between 1998 and 2011.
As of 2018, 230 astronauts and 18 countries have visited the International Space Station. It includes contributions(money and resources) from 15 nations like Russia, USA, and Europe.
The ISS is assisted (and even controlled) by mission control centers in Houston and Moscow, along with a payload control center in Huntsville, Ala.
Space exploration includes two kinds of spacesuits:
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