Personality Psychology: Major Theories - Deepstash

Personality Psychology: Major Theories

  • Biological Theories suggest genetics are responsible for personality traits.
  • Behavioural Theories suggest that personality is the result of interaction between the individual and the environment.
  • Psychodynamic Theories of personality emphasize the influence of the unconscious mind and childhood experiences on personality.
  • Humanist Theories emphasize the importance of free will and individual experience in the development of personality.
  • Trait Theories think personality is made up of several broad traits.

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2. Psychodynamic Theories

Psychodynamic theories, popularized by Sigmund Freud, emphasize the role of unconscious processes and early childhood experiences in shaping personality. According to Freud, personality is composed of three parts: the id, ego, and superego, which interact to produce behavior.

3. Behavioral Theories

Behavioral theories of personality emphasize the influence of learning and environmental factors on personality development. These theories focus on observable behaviors and how they are shaped by reinforcement, punishment, and social learning processes.

Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis

  • Austrian physician Sigmund Freud proposed a theory of personality that emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind.
  • He believed early childhood experiences and unconscious impulses contributed to the development of adult personality and behavior.
  • He claimed psycholog...

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