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The Mandela Effect

The Mandela Effect

The phenomenon known as the Mandela Effect is characterized by the formation of false collective memories where many people share the same mistaken memory.

  • The name is due to the false memory some people have about Nelson Mandela, the South African leader. They believe he died in the 1980s while in prison. In reality, he died in 2013 at the age of 95.
  • Another popular example: The famous phrase attributed to Darth Vader in Episode V of the Star Wars saga, revealing to Luke Skywalker that he was his father: "Luke, I am your father." However, the fact is that this phrase was never said in this way. The phrase spoken by Darth Vader, in fact, is: “No, I am your father."

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MORE IDEAS FROM THE SAME ARTICLE

We are continually creating memories of facts that don't exist. The creation of false memories is strongly influenced by imagination, beliefs, social influence, and suggestions from the environment.

  • People naturally change what they remember from the meanings they build when li...

Some understand memory as a storage location, but this understanding has some limitations.

It does not reflect the nature of mnemonic processes. Unlike a computer hard drive where saved information is 100% recoverable, the human memory has lost information, distortions, and new me...

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False memories

A false memory refers to a distorted recall of an event.

They can be completely unreal. In some cases, false memories may comprise aspects of the fact that have been distorted by interfering information or other memory distortions.

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False memories are common

We all misremember things. However, false memories are not so much mistakes but can be very detailed fantasies. Some people remember precise details of an event they attended, only to later realise they were never there.

Being aware of the concept of false memories does not make us i...

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Repressed vs Recovered Memories

Memories are the switch buttons of information related to our learning and experiences that can be preserved and restored in the brain of humans.

People having sharp memories have the storing ability to memorize their experiences but the topic of recovering the repressed memories is still ...

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