Criticisms of Pascal's wager

Criticisms of Pascal's wager
  1. The interest one has in believing God is not proof of God's existence.
  2. Since there have been many religions throughout history, there is a high probability of believing in "the wrong god". (The argument for inconsistent revelations)
  3. Feigning belief to gain eternal reward would be dishonest and immoral. God would see through this deceptive strategy and nullify the benefits of the wager.
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Pascal‘s wager

Pascal's wager is a philosophical argument for God, presented by the 17th-century French philosopher, Blaise Pascal, who posits that human beings bet with their lives when deciding to believe in God (or not).

Pascal's argument for beleiving in god

Pascal argues that the wise decision is to wager that God exists, since one can gain eternal life in heaven if God exists, but if not, one will be no worse off in death than if one had not believed. On the other hand, if you bet against God and lose, you are unavoidably annihilated in hell.

The assumptions in Pascal‘s wager
  1. Both the existence & non-existence of God are impossible to prove by human reasoning.
  2. One must "wager" by weighing the consequences of the decision to believe/not believe in God.
  3. No one can refuse to participate; withholding assent is impossible because we are already "embarked", and effectively living out the choice.

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Anselm‘s ontological argument

Anselm's ontological argument is a philosophical argument, made from an ontological basis.

Anselm defines God as "the greatest being" and argues that if such being can exist in the mind, then it must also exist in reality. If it existed only in the mind, then an even greater being must be possible—one who exists both in mind and in reality. Therefore, this greatest possible being must exist in reality.

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Religion and Arguments for god

Ontological argument - Wikipedia

Teleological argument for god

The Teleological argument (also known as intelligent design argument) is an argument for the existence of God, an intelligent creator based on perceived evidence of intelligent design in the natural world.

Teleological argument - Wikipedia

Which countries are loyal to the Queen?

As of 2021, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.

These are known as the 'Commonwealth Realms'.

Commonwealth realm

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