The assumptions of Anselm‘s ontological argument

The assumptions of Anselm‘s ontological argument

  1. Anselm assumes that the greatest possible being must exist in the mind, even in that of the person who denies the existence of God.
  2. He also assumes that the greatest possible being must exist in reality.
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Religion and Arguments for god


Anselm‘s ontological argument

Anselm's ontological argument is a philosophical argument, made from an ontological basis.

Anselm defines God as "the greatest being" and argues that if such being can exist in the mind, then it must also exist in reality. If it existed only in the mind, then an even greater being must be possible—one who exists both in mind and in reality. Therefore, this greatest possible being must exist in reality.

Criticisms of Anselm's ontological argument
  1. The argument could be used to prove the existence of anything.
  2. Humans do not know God's nature.
  3. "Existing" adds nothing (including perfection) to the essence of a being. Thus, the greatest possible being does not need to exist.
  4. Some attributes of greatness are incompatible with others, rendering the concept of "greatest being" incoherent.

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Teleological argument for god

The Teleological argument (also known as intelligent design argument) is an argument for the existence of God, an intelligent creator based on perceived evidence of intelligent design in the natural world.

The Kalam cosmological argument
  1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause.
  2. The universe began to exist.
  3. Therefore, the universe has a cause.
  4. If the universe has a cause, then an uncaused, personal Creator of the universe exists who without the universe is beginningless, changeless, immaterial, timeless, spaceless and enormously powerful.
Which countries are loyal to the Queen?

As of 2021, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.

These are known as the 'Commonwealth Realms'.

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