The Body mass index (BMI) is a marker for health & obesity. It can be measured using the following formula: weight (kg) ÷ height² (m²)
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Using a weight-to-height index devised by Adolphe Quetelet in 1832 (the Quetelet index), Dr. Ancel Keys coined the term "body mass index" as a convenient way to measure relative obesity.
He judged BMI as inappropriate for individual evaluation.
However, it is widely used for preliminary diagnoses today.
While there are alternatives to use in place of the BMI scale, each tool comes with its own advantages and disadvantages.
Thus, healthcare providers should use the available alternatives together with the BMI index to obtain a more accurate reading of their patient's health risks.
The BMI scale cannot be applied to everyone (especially women & POC) because it was developed by studying European men — and thus does not take into account racial & sex differences.
It is also an inaccurate measure of body fat content because it does not take into account muscle mass, bone density & overall body composition.
Research shows that BMI is a reliable estimate of health risks.
Plus, it’s convenient, cost effective, & accessible in all healthcare settings.
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a mathematical formula and divides a person's weight by the square of their height. The answer falls into one of eight categories and indicates the person's bodyweight, from very severely underweight to very severely obese. A high BMI can indicate a high body fat and be used to screen for possible health problems.
But BMI is not a perfect measurement and may actually overestimate or underestimate a person's body fat.
Obesity should not just be defined by weight, but also by a person's health.
Doctors should go beyond only recommending diet and exercise. They should take a holistic approach to health.
The population-wide BMI statistics show that nearly 60 per cent of people in the UK and US are overweight.
BMI is the ratio of body weight in kilograms divided by the square of one's height in metres. It is represented as kg/m2.
BMI is flawed as it only uses weight and height. It cannot differentiate between muscle and fat.
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