Fear

Fear

Fear is a powerfull emotion that can also play an important role in survival. When you face some sort of danger and experience fear, you go through what is known as the fight or flight response.

This response helps ensure that you are prepared to effectively deal with threats in your environment. Expressions of this type of emotion can include:

  • Facial expressions: such as widening the eyes and pulling back the chin
  • Body language: attempts to hide or flea from the threat
  • Physiological reactions: such as rapid breathing and heartbeat

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The 6 Types of Basic Emotions and Their Effect on Human Behavior

verywellmind.com

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Anger

Anger can be a particularly powerful emotion characterized by feelings of hostility, agitation, frustration, and antagonism towards others. Like fear, anger can play a part in your body's fight or flight response.

Anger is often displayed through:

  • Facial expressions: such as frowning or glaring
  • Body language: such as taking a strong stance or turning away
  • Tone of voice: such as speaking gruffly or yelling
  • Physiological responses: such as sweating or turning red
  • Aggressive behaviors: such as hitting, kicking, or throwing objects

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Happiness

Happiness tends to be the one emotion that everyone strives for the most. Happiness is often defined as a pleasent emotional state that is characterized by feelings of contentment: joy, gratification, statisfaction, and well being.

This type of emotion is sometimes expressed through:

  • Facial expressions: such as smiling
  • body language: such as a relaxed stance
  • tone of voice: an upbeat, pleasent way of speaking

While happiness is considered one the basic emotions the things we think will create happiness tend to be heavily influenced by culture.

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While anger is often thought of as a negative emotion, it can sometimes be a good thing. It can be constructive in helping clarify your needs in a relationship, and it can also motivate you to take action and find solutions to things that are bothering you.

Anger can become a problem, however, when it is excessive or expressed in ways that are unhealthy, dangerous, or harmful to others. Uncontrolled anger can quickly turn to aggression, abuse, or violence.

this emotion can have both mental en physical consequences.

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Basic Emotions

There are many different types of emotions that have an influence on how we live and interact with others. 

The choices we make, the actions we take, and the perceptions we have are all influenced by the emotions we are experiencing at any given moment.

During the 1970's, pyschologist Paul Eckman identified six bacis emotions that he suggested were universally experienced in all human cultures.

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Disgust

Disgust is another of the original six basic emotions. Disgust can be displayed in a nuber of ways including:

  • Body language: turning away from the object of disgust
  • Physical reactions: such as vomiting or retching
  • Facial expressions: such as wrinkling the nose and curling the upper lip

This sense of revulsion can originate from a number of things, including an unpleasant taste, sight, or smell. This may be the body's way of avoiding things that may carry transmittable diseases.

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The six basic emotions are just an portion of the many different types of emotions that people are capable of expriencing.

Here are some other emotions:

  • Amusement
  • Contempt
  • Contentment
  • Embarrassment
  • Excitement
  • Guilt
  • Pride in achievement
  • Relief
  • Satisfaction
  • Shame

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Sadness

Sadness is another type of emotion often defined as a transient emotional state characterized by feelings of: dissapointment, grief, hopelesness, disintresst, and dampened mood.

Like other emotions sadness is something that we all experience from time to time, in some cases, people can experience prolonged and severe periods of sadness that can turn into depression.

Sadness can be expressed in a number of ways:

  • Crying
  • Dampened mood
  • Lethargy
  • Quietness
  • Withdrawal from others

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Suprise

Suprise is another one of the six basic types of human emotions. suprise is usually quite brief and unexpected. This type of emotion can be positive, negative, or neutral. suprize is often characterized by:

  • Facial expressions: such as raising the brows, widening the eyes, and opening the mouth
  • Physical responses: such as jumping back
  • Verbal reactions: such as yelling, screaming, or gasping

Surprise is another type of emotion that can trigger the fight or flight response.

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Combined emotions

Emotions can be combined to form different feelings, much like colors can be mixed to create other shades.

The more basic emotions act something like building blocks. More complex, sometimes mixed emotions, are blendings of these more basic ones. For example, basic emotions such as joy and trust can be combined to create love.

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What are emotions?

An emotion is a complex pyschological state that involves three distinct components: a subjective experience, a physiological response, and a behavioral or expressive response.

In addition to trying to define what emotions are, researchers have also tried to identify and classify the different types of emotions. The descriptions and insights have changed over time

Plutchik proposed eight primary emotional dimensions: happiness vs. sadness, anger vs. fear, trust vs. disgust, and surprise vs. anticipation. These emotions can then be combined to create others (such as happiness + anticipation = excitement).

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Emotions and Types of Emotional Responses

verywellmind.com

Emotions

They are basal responses that begin in the subcortical areas of the brain responsible for producing biochemical reactions to environmental stimuli that have a direct impact on our physical state. 

Coded into our DNA, emotions help us respond quickly to threats, like our ‘fight or flight’ response. Also, they can often be measured objectively through physical cues such as blood flow, heart rate, brain activity, facial expressions, and body language.

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What are Negative Emotions and How to Control Them?

positivepsychology.com

There are six basic emotions

In the 1960s, researchers started to study facial expressions that matched six basic emotions: happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, fear, and disgust.

Some researchers now say there are fewer than six basic emotions, and others say there are more (up to 21). But the idea remains that emotions are biologically universal to all humans, and displayed through facial expressions.

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What Are Emotions, Even?

theatlantic.com