Mis-value of truth - Deepstash
Mis-value of truth

Mis-value of truth

Mahābhārata, the great Indian epic, reveals through its illustrations that failure to recognise the value of truth lies not in uttering true words but rather in truth’s conduciveness to trustworthiness. 

Both characters, Kauśika and Yudhiṣṭhira, have been untrustworthy: Yudhiṣṭhira, by omitting the full truth, and Kausika in valuing his own reputation for truthfulness above even the lives of innocents.

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MORE IDEAS FROM When Is Telling The Truth No Better Than Lying?

Kant on lying

Kant defines a lie as an “intentionally untruthful declaration”.

Kant identifies truthfulness as an utterance that accurately represents one’s thoughts (including one’s beliefs), regardless of whether those thoughts are themselves accurate.
Kant argues that lying is not permissible, but he allows for engaging in deception through careful word choice or evasion.

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We think philosophy has a role to play in identifying and correcting the disconnect between perception and reality with regard to politicians’ trustworthiness. By providing a theory of lying and truthfulness that is sensitive to lived experience, philosophers can help people to avoid talking past one anotherwhen discussing such important issues.

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Rather than lying and truthfulness hinging on the impersonal logic of assertions and declarations, one should also attend to the broader context of the utterance.

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Augustine on lying

Augustine (354-430) was one of the first to define a lie explicitly as the intent to deceive.

Augustine argues that lying is not permissible regardless of the circumstances that provoked the lie.

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RELATED IDEA

Body Language

While body language cues can offer clues to deceptions, it is often not good enough. More accurate signals are:

  • Intentionally leaving out important details.
  • If the person seems unsure or insecure.
  • Shrugging, lack of expression, and a bored posture.
  • Thinking too hard to fill in the details of the story.

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Types of lies
  • White Lies. People tell white lies claiming to be tactful or polite.
  • Broken Promises. Failure to keep one’s spoken commitment or promise.
  • The Lie of Fabrication. Telling others something you don’t know for sure is true.
  • The Bold-Faced Lie. Telling something that everyone knows is a lie.
  • The Lying in Exaggeration. Enhancing a truth by adding lies to it.
  • Lies of Deception. A deceiver tries to create an impression that causes others to be misled, by not telling all the facts, or by creating a false impression.
  • Plagiarism. Copying someone else’s work and calling it your own.
  • Compulsive Lying.  Tell their mistruths even when telling the truth would be easier and better.

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To lie is human
  • Lying is something that most people are very practiced in. We lie in big and small ways, to strangers, co-workers, friends, and loved ones.
  • Researchers found that people lie on average one or two times a day, mostly to hide inadequacies or to protect others' feelings.
  • Many lie and deceive to gain unjust rewards.
  • Sometimes people lie to inflate their image or to cover up bad behavior.
  • Even science contains deceivers, such as physicist Jan Hendrik Schön, who claimed a breakthrough in molecular semiconductor research, which later proved to be fraudulent.

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