Understand Team Effectiveness: Google's Project Aristotle - Deepstash
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Understand Team Effectiveness: Google's Project Aristotle

Understand Team Effectiveness: Google's Project Aristotle

Google spent 2 years and enormous amounts of resources studying over 180 teams to figure out the answer to their question: What makes a team effective?

Their findings - five key norms: Teams need to believe that their work is important. Teams need to feel their work is personally meaningful. Teams need clear goals and defined roles. Team members need to know they can depend on one another. But, most important, teams need psychological safety.


11.4K reads


Our Need For Cognitive Closure

Our Need For Cognitive Closure

The need for cognitive closure, in many settings, can be a great strength. An instinct to make a judgment and then stick with it stops the needless second-guessing and prolonged debate. It feels productive. It feels like progress.

But there are risk...


7.01K reads


"The people who are most successful at learning—those who are able to digest the data surrounding them, who absorb insights embedded in their experiences and take advantage of information flowing past—are the ones who know how to use disfluency to their advantage. They...



5.65K reads

The Concept of "Creative Desperation"

The Concept of "Creative Desperation"

We’re more likely to recognize discoveries hidden in our own experiences when necessity pushes us, when panic or frustrations cause us to throw old ideas into new settings.

  • The Post-it note was invented by a chemical engineer who, frustrated by bookmarks falling out of...


5.29K reads

Reactive Thinking: How We Allocate Our Attention

Reactive Thinking: How We Allocate Our Attention

Reactive thinking is how we build habits, and it’s why to-do lists and calendar alerts are so helpful: Rather than needing to decide what to do next, we can take advantage of our reactive instincts and automatically proceed.

But the downside of reactive thinking is ...


8.39K reads

Self-Motivation: Feeling In Control By Making Decisions

Self-Motivation: Feeling In Control By Making Decisions

Motivation is a skill that can be learned. People can get better at self-motivation if they practice the right way. The trick is realizing that a condition for motivation to develop is believing we have authority over our actions and surroundings.

To motivate oursel...


18.2K reads

The Goal-Setting Flow Chart

The Goal-Setting Flow Chart

Here is an example of a flowchart to use when setting a goal:


To run a marathon


Run seven miles without stopping


Twice aroun...


7.55K reads

Internal Vs External Locus Of Control

Internal Vs External Locus Of Control

  • Internal locus of control translates into our belief that we can influence our destiny through the choices we make; it has been linked with academic success, higher self-motivation and social maturity, lower incidences of stress and depression, and a longer life span. This i...


14K reads

Psychological Safety

Psychological Safety

Psychological safety is a "shared belief, held by members of a team, that a group is a safe place for taking risks. It is a sense of confidence that the team will not embarrass, reject, or punish someone for speaking up.”(Amy Edmondson, 1999)



10.7K reads

Decision-Making Systems: The Engineering Design Process

Decision-Making Systems: The Engineering Design Process

This system for making decisions allows us to define our dilemmas, collect data, brainstorm solutions, debate alternative approaches, and conduct iterative experiments.

This approach to problem-solving removes the emotion so we can view our problems more ob...


6.23K reads

Choices That Influence Our Motivation

Choices That Influence Our Motivation

The choices that are most powerful in generating motivation convince us we’re in control and endow our actions with larger meaning.

An internal locus of control emerges when we develop a mental habit of transforming chores into meaningful choices, when we assert tha...


12.8K reads


"Every choice we make in life is an experiment. Every day offers fresh opportunities to find better decision-making frames. We live in a time when data is more plentiful, cheaper to analyze, and easier to translate into action than ever before. Smartphones, websites, d...



25.6K reads

Cognitive Tunneling

Cognitive Tunneling

Cognitive tunneling can cause people to become overly focused on whatever is directly in front of their eyes or become preoccupied with immediate tasks. It’s what keeps someone glued to their smartphone as the kids wail or pedestrians swerve around them on the sidewalk.


9.34K reads

How To Get The Right Assumptions

How To Get The Right Assumptions

Make sure you are exposed to a full spectrum of experiences.

We all have a natural tendency to be optimistic, to ignore our mistakes and forget others’ tiny errors. But making good predictions relies on realistic assumptions, and those are based on our expe...


5.83K reads


“Our brains crave reducing things to two or three options. So when we’re faced with a lot of information, we start automatically arranging it into mental folders and subfolders and sub subfolders. This ability to digest large amounts of information by breaking it into ...



5.37K reads

Bayesian Thinking

Bayesian Thinking

At the core of Bayes’ rule is a principle: Even if we have very little data, we can still forecast the future by making assumptions and then skewing them based on what we observe about the world.

Humans are astoundingly good Bayesian predictors, even if we’re unaware of it....


6.48K reads

Information Blindness

Information Blindness

In the past two decades, the amount of information present in our daily lives has skyrocketed. Unfortunately, however, our ability to learn from information hasn’t necessarily kept pace with its proliferation.

In theory, the ongoing explosion in informa...


5.11K reads

Five Types Of Company Cultures

Five Types Of Company Cultures

  • The “star” model: executives hire from elite universities or other successful companies and give employees huge amounts of autonomy.
  • The “engineering” model: engineers, as a group, hold the most sway.
  • The “bureaucracies”: Exe...


6.39K reads




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5 characteristics of effective teams

  1. Psychological safety: team members feel safe to take risks and to be vulnerable in front of each other.
  2. Dependability: Team members get things done on time.
  3. Structure and Clarity: team members have clear roles, plans and g...


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