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The Ultimate Guide to Ketosis | Nutrita

Getting in ketosis

  • The stricter you restrict carbs (or total calories), the quicker you will be in ketosis.
  • Restricting your carb intake to 20g per day is a good heuristic (loose rule) for entering ketosis. It will generally get you into ketosis within a few days.
  • Fasting gets you into ketosis very quickly.

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The Ultimate Guide to Ketosis | Nutrita

The Ultimate Guide to Ketosis | Nutrita

https://nutrita.app/guide-to-ketosis/

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Key Ideas

Ketosis

Is a metabolic state. Think of being in or out of ketosis like the settings in a hybrid car; you can rely on gas or electricity to different degrees.

In ketosis, we rely on fat instead of carbs for energy and do so to such an extent that we start making ketones from fat.

The function of ketones

Ketones aren’t just a form of energy, they’re powerful signaling molecules. They regulate the expression of genes and dampen inflammatory processes.
Your body is always producing a very low level of ketones, irrespective of your diet. You start producing more of them when following a diet that’s high in fat and low in carbs.

Getting in ketosis

  • The stricter you restrict carbs (or total calories), the quicker you will be in ketosis.
  • Restricting your carb intake to 20g per day is a good heuristic (loose rule) for entering ketosis. It will generally get you into ketosis within a few days.
  • Fasting gets you into ketosis very quickly.

Goals of the ketogenic diet

  • Lower insulin levels
  • Increase insulin sensitivity
  • Normalize body composition (% fat, % muscle)
  • Normalize blood pressure
  • Lower chronic inflammation
  • Improve immune function
  • Stabilize mood and mental function

Ketosis benefits and short term side-effects

Benefits

  • Fat loss
  • Decreases insulin levels
  • Improves cardiovascular health
  • Mood stabilization
  • Improves cognitive function
  • Increases metabolic flexibility

Short term side-effects

  • The ‘keto flu’
  • Fruity breath
  • Weight loss 
  • Keto rash
  • Frequent urination
  • Short-term fatigue
  • Elevated blood ketone levels
  • Digestive issues 

6 benefits of Ketosis for medical conditions

  1. Epilepsy. The ketogenic diet has been proven to be very beneficial and highly successful.
  2. Metabolic syndrome. Being in a state of nutritional ketosis helps to improve markers of metabolic disease, and so the disorder can be reversed.
  3. Alzheimer’s disease. Ketone bodies themselves have been shown to be neuroprotective, which bodes well as a potential treatment option or intervention for improving neurodegenerative diseases.
  4. Cancer.  The ketogenic diet is part of the larger umbrella of metabolic therapies that shows promise.
  5. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS can be reversed if insulin levels are lowered. The ketogenic diet has proven successful for weight loss and improving insulin sensitivity.
  6. Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS). The ketogenic diet has been proven effective in protecting nerve cells and their ability to produce energy. It has the potential to improve symptoms associated with ALS.

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Ketosis

... is a normal metabolic process. When the body does not have enough glucose (derived from sugars and starches) for energy, it burns stored fats instead; this results in a build-up o...

Fast facts on ketosis
  • Ketosis occurs when the body does not have sufficient access to its primary fuel source, glucose.
  • Ketosis describes a condition where fat stores are broken down to produce energy, which also produces ketones, a type of acid.
  • In small amounts, ketones serve to indicate that the body is breaking down fat, but high levels of ketones can poison the body, leading to a process called ketoacidosis, a serious condition that can prove fatal.
  • People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to develop ketoacidosis, for which emergency medical treatment is required to avoid or treat diabetic coma.
  • Some people follow a ketogenic (low-carb) diet to try to lose weight by forcing the body to burn fat stores.
The ketogenic diet
The diet itself can be regarded as a high-fat diet, with around 75 % of calories derived from fats,  20 % from proteins and 5 % from carbohydrates.

Adhering to the ketogenic diet can lead to short-term weight loss, consuming fewer calories without feeling hungry while following the diet.

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Intermittent Fasting (IF)
Intermittent Fasting (IF)

The dietary practice of restricting your food consumption to a specific window of time. It is used as a supplement to your diet.
In this fasting state, our bodies can break down extra fat...

Approaches to intermittent fasting
  • Skipped meals - when you skip over a meal to induce extra time of fasting. 
  • Eating windows - this condenses your entire macronutrient intake between a 4 and 7-hour window. The rest of the time you are in a fasting state.
  • 24-48 hour cleanse - where you go into extended fasting periods and do not eat for 1-2 days.
Autophagy definition and benefits

The process by which the cell devours itself.

  • Non-essential parts like damaged proteins are recycled and invading microorganisms and toxic compounds are removed. 
  • Autophagy plays an important role in stopping the aging process, reversing disease, and preventing cancer, but it doesn’t happen all the time. 
  • Autophagic processes can be initiated by fasting, protein restriction and carbohydrate restriction.

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Documented uses of the keto diet

Doctors have been prescribing ketogenic diets to treat epilepsy for nearly a century, and increasingly believe it holds promise for people with Type 2 diabetes.

But the older keto regi...

The Ketogenesis process

It supplies energy under circumstances such as fasting or caloric restriction to certain organs (e.g. the brain, heart, and skeletal muscle).

In ketogenesis, our livers start to break down fat into a usable energy source called ketones. Ketones can stand in for glucose as fuel for the body when there’s a glucose shortage. 

Once ketogenesis kicks in and ketone levels are elevated, the body is in a state called “ketosis,” during which it’s burning stored fat. 

The Keto diet
It is a very low-carb, high-fat diet. People on a ketogenic diet get 5 percent of their calories from carbohydrates, about 15 percent from protein, and 80 percent from fat. It’s this ratio that will force the body to derive much of its energy from ketones. 

That means eating mainly meats, eggs, cheese, fish, nuts, butter, oils, and vegetables while avoiding sugar, bread and other grains, beans, and even fruit.

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Intermittent fasting

Fasting means abstinence of some or all food for a period of time.

Intermittent fasting ranges from eating a few calories all day every other day or several times a week to fasti...

A metabolic shift

It can take 10 to 12 hours to use up calories in the liver before your body changes over to use the stored fat.

After meals, glucose is used for energy, while fat is stored in fat tissue. During fasts, once glucose is depleted, stored fat is broken down and used for energy.

The easiest way to lose weight

To lose weight, strive for sixteen calorie-free hours. Stop eating by 8 pm, and eat again at noon the next day. Results can take up to four weeks to notice.

Intermittent dieters should eat healthy foods, including whole grains and healthy fats and protein. They should limit saturated fats and avoid sugar and refined carbohydrates. Be sure to stay well-hydrated.

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The general Keto diet
The general Keto diet

The Keto diet is one of the biggest diet phenomenons today. It is the most Googled diet of 2018 and has surpassed Weight Watchers and other low-carb regimens, Atkins and Paleo.

The...

Keto is a cultural identity

Keto is more than just a diet. It is a cultural identity.

The Keto diet changes how adherents think about medicine and nutrition. With the fake news that dominates the news cycle, it's not surprising that keto went viral. It's anti-establishment.

Understanding ketosis

The body can only store glucose to last a few days. If we don't eat carbs, the body finds other ways to fuel the body, like ketogenesis. In ketogenesis:

  • The liver starts to break down fat from food and our body reserves. The useful energy source is called ketone bodies and can replace glucose as fuel when there's a glucose shortage.
  • Once ketogenesis starts, the ketone levels rise.
  • The body burns fat instead of the usual glucose.

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Ketosis
... is a natural process the body initiates to help us survive when food intake is low. During this state, we produce ketones, which are produced from the breakdown of fats in ...
Benefits of a Ketogenic Diet
  • Weight Loss.
  • Keto naturally lowers blood sugar levels due to the type of foods you eat.
  • Mental Focus: Ketones are a great source of fuel for the brain.
  • Increased Energy & Normalized Hunger: Fats are shown to be the most effective molecule to burn as fuel.
  • Epilepsy: Keto diet has been used since the early 1900’s to treat epilepsy successfully.
  • Cholesterol & Blood Pressure: shown to improve triglyceride levels and cholesterol levels most associated with arterial buildup.
  • Insulin Resistance.
  • Improvements in your skin health.
Do Not Eat on a Keto Diet
  • Grains – wheat, corn, rice, cereal, etc.
  • Sugar – honey, agave, maple syrup, etc.
  • Fruit – apples, bananas, oranges, etc.
  • Tubers – potato, yams, etc.

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Fasting Ketosis

In addition to eating a high-fat diet and limiting carbohydrates, the metabolic, fat-burning state of ketosis can be induced by fasting.

Fasting can help your body burn fatty acids ins...

Common Side Effects of Fasting Ketosis
  • Water flushing
  • Fatigue
  • Hunger and sugar cravings
  • Keto breath
  • Digestive concerns
  • Muscle cramps
  • Less energy
  • Heart palpitations
  • Ketosis flu
How to Deal With Fasting Ketosis Symptoms
  • Get enough sleep
  • Work on reducing stress as much as possible.
  • When combining intermittent fasting with a ketogenic diet, eat enough calories during your eating periods.
  • Stay hydrated
  • Increase salt intake
  • Eat mineral-rich foods
  • Supplement with magnesium
  • Take exogenous ketones
  • General self-care

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Ketosis

... is a natural state of the metabolic process. When a person has reached ketosis, their body is burning stored fat instead of glucose.

7 tips to get into ketosis
  • Increase physical activity
  • Reduce carbohydrate intake significantly
  • Fast for short periods
  • Increase healthful fat intake
  • Test ketone levels
  • Maintain a high protein intake
  • Consume more coconut oil as this may help to increase ketone levels.
Ketosis in summary
  • Ketosis is a natural state for the body to be in from time to time. When it occurs, the body burns its fat reserves as energy.
  • Maintaining a state of ketosis for short periods involves minimal risk. However, people with type 1 diabetes should avoid ketosis due to an increased risk of complications.
  • People should also avoid being in ketosis long-term, as they may experience fatigue and nutritional deficiencies.
  • Making several dietary and lifestyle changes can help a person get into ketosis faster.
Metabolism

It refers to the biochemical processes that occur within living organisms to maintain life. These processes allow us to grow, reproduce, repair damage, and respond to our environment.

...

Metabolic Rate And Weight

It is a common belief that slim people have a higher metabolism and overweight people have a slower metabolism. But, this is rarely the case.

Overweight is in most cases a result of a lifestyle in which one group generally consumes more calories than they need. There isn’t much we can do to significantly change our resting metabolic rate, but long-term strategies, such as increasing muscle mass, may eventually have an effect.

Anabolism

Anabolism is a succession of chemical reactions that build molecules from smaller components and usually require energy. Anabolism allows the body to grow new cells and maintain all the tissues.

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Fasting improves insulin sensitivity

When more food is available, the cells in the body become less sensitive to insulin. When the food supply is scarce, during fasting, the human body tries to conserve as much energy as possible...

Insulin
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows cells to extract glucose from the blood to use as energy. It helps keeps your blood sugar level from getting too high
Fasting reverses chronic conditions

... like obesity & type 2 diabetes, both of which are risk factors for cancer. Studies have shown that fasting two to three times per week lowers weight and improves insulin tolerance. 

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