Many studies have been conducted about the silent treatment in familial relationships and romantic relationships and the outcome showed that those who used the silent treatment against their parents had self-esteem issues and the parents who used it on their children reported that the children felt like they had no control within the relationship.
Moreover, in romantic relationships, the partners who used the silent treatment were less committed to their relationship than those who don't.
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The silent treatment works depending on your goal.
If you're trying to show that you're upset and aren't really pushing for a meaningful change in the relationship, then yes. It will get the other person's attention but it more often creates more frustration than fix underlying problems.
When the silent treatment becomes a pattern it becomes detrimental to the mental health of both parties involved.
In a relationship, a partner uses ‘the silent treatment’ on the other to make them feel hurt, punished and alienated, manipulating their emotions.
Being isolated or ghosted by a partner is a sort of abuse that hurts more than being yelled or shouted at.
Passive communicators go along with the other person’s ideas, narratives and suggestions. They avoid conflicts and confrontations. They appear anxious, afraid of disapproval and are often having poor eye contact or posture.
In a relationship, these people bottle up their emotions and do what their partner plans or does. It is a ‘doom scenario’ if both partners are passive.