Neuroscience and Neuroscientists - Deepstash
Neuroscience and Neuroscientists

Neuroscience and Neuroscientists

Neuroscientists focus on the brain and its impact on behaviour and cognitive functions. They study the nervous system's cellular, functional, behavioural, evolutionary, computational, molecular, cellular, and medical aspects.

Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary science. It works closely with mathematics, linguistics, engineering, computer science, chemistry, philosophy, psychology, and medicine.

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MORE IDEAS FROM Neuroscience: Overview, history, major branches

  • Affective neuroscience. How neurons behave in relation to emotions.
  • Behavioural neuroscience.
  • Clinical neuroscience. Disorders of the nervous system.
  • Cognitive neuroscience. How the brain forms thoughts.
  • Computational neuroscience.
  • Cultural neuroscience.
  • Developmental neuroscience. How the brain and the nervous system grow and change.
  • Molecular and cellular neuroscience.
  • Neuroengineering.
  • Neuroimaging.
  • Neuroinformatics.
  • Neurolinguistics.
  • Neurophysiology. How the brain and its function relate to different parts of the body.

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Neuroscience affects all human functions, but it also assists in a better understanding of common conditions such as Down syndrome, Autistic spectrum disorders (ASD), ADHD, addiction, brain tumours, immune system disorders like multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson's disease.

Understanding the neurological factors can facilitate in developing medications and other strategies to treat and prevent these conditions.

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  • The ancient Greeks first tried to understand the role of the brain and to explain neural disorders. Aristotle thought the brain was a blood-cooling mechanism.
  • French physician Pierre Paul Broca (1824-1880) concluded that different parts of the brain had specific functions.
  • In 1873 Italian physician Gamillo Golgi used silver chromate salt to detect neurons.
  • Spanish pathologist Santiago Ramón y Cajal hypothesised that neurons are independent nerve cell units.
  • Since the 1950s, scientific development enabled neuroscientists to study the nervous system more in-depth.

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RELATED IDEA

The nervous system
  • It is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body. It is essentially the body's electrical wiring.
  • Structurally, the nervous system has two components: the central nervous system (the brain, spinal cord, and nerves) and the peripheral nervous system (sensory neurons, ganglia and nerves that connect to one another and to the central nervous system).
  • Functionally, the nervous system has two main subdivisions: the somatic, or voluntary, component (nerves that connect to one another and to the central nervous system and the autonomic nervous system (regulates certain body processes, such as blood pressure and the rate of breathing, that work without conscious effort).

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Sleep And The Process Of Keeping Our Brains Healthy
  • Quality sleep is the one universal factor that can keep our brain healthy.
  • Sleep is so important that mammals die in about a week if they are completely deprived of sleep.
  • While we think our lights are out when we sleep, our brain is very much active and uses a lot of energy.

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Why it takes time for our muscles to strengthen

Strength training is more physiologically intricate than initially realised. When we start to lift weights, our muscles are not the first to strengthen and change. However, our nervous systems do.

When we lift weights, we might feel some initial disappointment when our muscles do not quickly take shape. But weight training soon causes us to generate more muscular force where we can push, pull, and raise more weight than before, even though our muscles still look the same.

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