What causes migraines? - Deepstash

What causes migraines?

Researchers haven’t identified a definitive cause for migraines. However, they have found some contributing factors that can trigger the condition. 

  • This includes changes in brain chemicals, such as a decrease in levels of the brain chemical serotonin.
  • Other factors that may trigger a migraine include bright lights, severe heat, or other extremes in weather, dehydration, hormone changes, excess stress, loud sounds, intense physical activity, skipping meals, changes in sleep patterns, use of certain medications, smoking, alcohol use, etc.

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What is a migraine?
  • Migraine is a neurological condition that can cause multiple symptoms. It’s frequently characterized by intense, debilitating headaches.
  • Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, difficulty speaking, numbness or tingling, and sensitivity to light and sound.
  • Migraines often run in families and affect all ages. Migraines can begin in childhood or may not occur until early adulthood. Women are more likely than men to have migraines. 
  • Family history is one of the most common risk factors for having migraines.
  • Migraines are different from other headaches.

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Migraines can’t be cured, but your doctor can help you manage them so you get them less often and treat symptoms when they occur.

A treatment plan may include a combination of self-care migraine remedies, lifestyle adjustments, including stress management and avoiding migraine triggers, OTC pain or migraine medications, prescription migraine medications, prescription medications to help with nausea or vomiting, hormone therapy if migraines seem to occur in relation to your menstrual cycle, counseling and alternative care, which may include biofeedback, meditation, acupressure, or acupuncture.

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  • The prodrome stage (one to two days before the headache itself): food cravings, depression, fatigue or low energy, frequent yawning, hyperactivity, irritability, neck stiffness.
  • In migraine with aura: during an aura, you may have problems with your vision, sensation, movement, and speech. 
  • The attack phase. This is the most acute or severe of the phases when the actual migraine pain occurs: sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, dizziness or feeling faint, pain on one side of your head, pulsing and throbbing head pain, vomiting. 
  • The postdrome phase. During this phase, there are usually changes in mood and feelings. A mild, dull headache may persist.

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Identifying, Surprising Headache Triggers To Take Control.

Many people find that if they cut stress, they can manage migraines or tension headaches better. You can't control everything, but you can change how you respond to the things that concern you.

Whenever you have a headache, jot down the time it starts and stops. This will help you find patterns so you can avoid your triggers. There are also phone apps you can use to identify your triggers.

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If you have a migrain, place a cold pack on your forehead. Ice cubes wrapped in a towel, a bag of frozen vegetables, or even a cold shower may ease the pain. Keep the compress on your head for 15 minutes, and then take a break for 15 minutes.

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1.  Mental stress

A lot of our headaches usually start with stress.

Students have to sail through stress due to various reasons such as preparation stress, the stress of covering the vast syllabus, stress related to failure, and many more. You cannot move away from all this but you can surely control your stress level. 

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Headaches have become a regular occurrence for students and many of them feel vulnerable when dealing with this problem. Here are some steps you can take to avoid it!✨

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