The prodrome stage (one to two days before the headache itself): food cravings, depression, fatigue or low energy, frequent yawning, hyperactivity, irritability, neck stiffness.
In migraine with aura: during an aura, you may have problems with your vision, sensation, movement, and speech.
The attack phase. This is the most acute or severe of the phases when the actual migraine pain occurs: sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, dizziness or feeling faint, pain on one side of your head, pulsing and throbbing head pain, vomiting.
The postdrome phase. During this phase, there are usually changes in mood and feelings. A mild, dull headache may persist.
Researchers haven’t identified a definitive cause for migraines. However, they have found some contributing factors that can trigger the condition.
This includes changes in brain chemicals, such as a decrease in levels of the brain chemical serotonin.
Other factors that may trigger a migraine include bright lights, severe heat, or other extremes in weather, dehydration, hormone changes, excess stress, loud sounds, intense physical activity, skipping meals, changes in sleep patterns, use of certain medications, smoking, alcohol use, etc.