Nerves, neurons and synapses - Deepstash

Nerves, neurons and synapses

  • Nerves are cylindrical bundles of fibers that start at the brain and central cord and branch out to every other part of the body.
  • Neurons send signals to other cells through thin fibers called axons, which cause chemicals known as neurotransmitters to be released at junctions called synapses.
  • A synapse gives a command to the cell and the entire communication process typically takes only a fraction of a millisecond. Signals travel along an alpha motor neuron in the spinal cord 268 mph (431 km/h); the fastest transmission in the human body, according to Discover magazine.

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