Introduced by Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, archetypes represent universal patterns and visuals that form the collective unconsciousness.
He identified four main archetypes: The Persona, The Shadow, The Animus, and The Self. These archetypes are not inferred directly, but by looking at religion, dreams, literature and art. The archetypes suggested by Carl Jung are universal, hereditary and play a significant role in our personality.
Individual or personal unconscious is part of the three components of the human psyche, apart from the ego and the collective unconscious.
The ego represents the consciousness and the personal unconscious contains suppressed and repressed memories.
Carl Jung rejected the theory of ‘tabula rasa’ which asserts that the human mind is completely blank at birth, ready to be programmed with life experiences and education. The human mind retains its fundamental biological aspects, the primordial images that provide a basic foundation for the individual.
Apart from the four main archetypes, Carl Jung also describes many other such identities like the father, the mother, the hero, the trickster or the child.
The persona is a kind of behavioural mask. It is the way we present ourselves in social groups and situations. Right from our childhood, we are taught to behave in a certain way to fit the expectations and norms of society. It suppresses all our primitive urges, impulses and feelings that are not acceptable in society.
People who start to believe in their own persona tend to move away from their true selves.
The shadow is part of the unconscious mind, made up of our repressed ideas, desires, weaknesses, shortcomings and instincts. In our attempt to portray a certain persona, we create this shadow, our cache of envy, greed, prejudice, hate and violence.
It is a darker side of our psyche that appears in dreams as a snake, a demon, or some other dark and wild creature.
The Anima (female) or the Animus (male) are the sex and gender identities/roles that behave like Yin-Yang. The male and female energies are a balance influencing one another at all times. The Animus represents the male aspect in females, while the Anima is the female aspect in males. Society enforces strict gender stereotypes, which constrains normal psychological development.
The combined energy is called ‘syzygy’ or the divine couple, representing completion, unification and oneness.
Astronomy is at loggerheads with astrology when it comes to Mercury Retrograde, in which Mercury, the planet associated with communication, appears to move backwards and seemingly causes chaos, tension, missed flights, crashed computers and lost phones!
Scientific calculations show that the gravitational effect of Mercury is negligible, the backward moving effect of Mercury during the retrograde phase is simply an illusion, a trick of perspective.
Modern science, therefore, concludes that the hoopla of Mercury retrograde is just confirmation bias, and the problems, snags and delays continue throughout the year, not just when the planet shifts to back gear.
Spring cleaning is a thoughtful, slow process to declutter where we slowly consider each knick-knack and decide what to do with those old tee shirts, magazines, refrigerator finds, and stuff lying around the house.
There is a much faster process, where we take a big bag and fill it with things that simply annoy us. This Annoying Bag would digest the stuff we don’t know what to do with, or simply don’t like now.
From a legal perspective, dishonesty is the idea of cost-benefit analysis. When people think about being dishonest, they wonder what can be gained or what can be lost. If the cost of lying is too high, they are not going to be dishonest.
People often feel the need to rationalize their dishonesty. The danger is taking that first step.
The story of Joe Papp, an Olympic cyclist falls into this category. Papp consulted his physician, who wrote Papp a prescription for erythropoietin (EPO), a cancer treatment that increases the production of red blood cells. Papp injected himself, but also imported and distributed EPO to his team and to other teams. This essentially made him a drug dealer.
People that are required to put their signature at the top of a document instead of the bottom are more likely to provide truthful information.
They are confirming that the information they’re about to provide is true before they have a chance to falsify it.
Procrastination and running to distractions.
Social media, messaging & online reading.
TV & watching videos.
Porn & sex.
Comfort foods, shopping, other comforts.
Ambitious professionals often spend much time thinking about strategies that will enable them to reach greater levels of success. But, despite their accomplishments, they still lack a true sense of professional fulfillment and are often deeply frustrated with their careers.
The question to ask is not how to reach the top, but rather to take a personal look at how you define success, and then finding your path to get there.
To define success for yourself, you must take a step back and reassess your career. It starts with acknowledging that managing it is your responsibility.
Taking control requires you to take a fresh look at your behaviour in three areas:
Taking responsibility for your career starts with an accurate assessment of your current skills.
It isn't easy to succeed if you don't excel at the tasks that are central to your chosen field.
Many executives can't identify the three of four main activities that lead to success in their business. The ability to identify critical tasks helps you determine how to spend your time and develop your skills.
Character and leadership often separate the good performance from the great performance.
One measure of character is the degree to which you put the interests of your company and colleagues ahead of your own. Excellent leaders coach and mentor. They will make recommendations to benefit the company, even if the actions may not be in their own short-term interest. They are willing to speak up and realize they can hit a plateau by playing it safe.
The origin of the word ‘podcast’ was in a 2004 column in The Guardian by Ben Hammersley.
He made up a sentence mentioning podcasting while delving into a possible name for the new audio distribution technology. It was a mashup of the Apple iPod, which was the in thing at that time, and broadcasting.
Essentially audio blogs, taking advantage of the freedom of speech, early podcasts were chatty, amateur products, until some heavyweights joined the bandwagon, like MTV VJs, journalists and talk-radio personalities.
This was fueled by the fact that the old public radio medium had certain creative limitations along with rules and regulations that were not a problem in the world of podcasting.
There is a famous saying that translates: "One jumps into the fray and then figures it out."
Usually, some version of this strategy is that people don't take the time to spot their landing, nor do they think about what they're jumping off.
The passion-driven mindset can be contrasted with an alternative: a poise-like discipline and a sense of purpose.
The key is to know what you're actually working towards. Ask yourself what your strategy is.
Few people take the time to find out what is possible or have the courage to probe themselves. It's unpleasant, and they'd instead figure it out as they go.
Instead of moving closer to the answer, they are stuck in endless reacting and reaction.
You have to take the time to ask the big questions:
Hard things in life are not achieved through simple effort. It's insight that illuminates the road and strategy that gets us there.
Over 100 years ago, Charles Spearman made discoveries about human intelligence. One is that the general factor of intelligence (g-factor) conforms to the principle of the "indifference of the indicator," meaning that regardless of what test of intelligence you use, as long as the intelligence test is difficult and long enough, you can reliably measure a person's intelligence.
A new study suggests the same principle applies to human malignancy. The General Dark Factor of Personality (D-factor) conforms to the principle of "indifference of the indicator."
We all know people who consistently display ethically, morally and socially unreasonable behavior. Personality psychologists refer to these characteristics as "dark traits."
Researchers emphasize that these dark traits are related to each other, so they suggest that a D-factor exists. This is defined as the basic tendency to maximize one's own goal at the expense of others, and believing that one's malicious behaviors are justified.
The more you agree with multiple items on this scale, the higher the likelihood you would score high on the D-factor. If you are strong on just one item, you probably will not score high on the D-factor:
A thirteen-nation tournament took place in July 1930, in a series of 18 matches to form the first-ever International Football World Cup. This happened in Uruguay, and the home team were also crowned the first World Cup Champions.
This was at a time when an economic depression took place in Europe, causing hesitation among many part-time or amateur players to travel to play the Cup.
A country in South America, Uruguay, host and winners of the first world cup were a great economy before the 1930s depression era. They had won the Paris Olympics 1924 and also the Amsterdam Olympics in 1928.
The first World Cup was played in the capital Montevideo at three different stadiums, with the final match at Estadio Centenario with over 90000 people watching.