The most effective people and teams go through life deliberately alternating between two zones: the learning zone and the performance zone.
The performance zone maximizes our immediate performance, while the learning zone maximizes our growth and our future performance. The reason many of us don't improve much despite our hard work is that we tend to spend almost all of our time in the performance zone. This hinders our growth, and ironically, over the long term, also our performance.
The learning zone is when our goal is to improve. Then we do activities designed for improvement, concentrating on what we haven't mastered yet, which means we have to expect to make mistakes, knowing that we will learn from them.
That is very different from what we do when we're in our performance zone, which is when our goal is to do something as best as we can, to execute. Then we concentrate on what we have already mastered and we try to minimize mistakes.
Demosthenes, the greatest orator in ancient Greece, did activities designed for improvement.
This involves breaking down abilities into component skills, being clear about what subskill we're working to improve, giving full concentration to a high level of challenge outside our comfort zone, just beyond what we can currently do, using frequent feedback with repetition and adjustments, and ideally engaging the guidance of a skilled coach, because activities designed for improvement are domain-specific, and great teachers and coaches know what those activities are and can also give us expert feedback.
We spend so much time in the performance zone because most of the time our environments often are, unnecessarily, high stakes. But there are still things we can do about it:
A common misconception is that stress is bad and should be minimized at all cost.
However, depending on the particular stressors and your reaction, stress can be harmful (distress) or beneficial (eustress).
Distress causes anxiety, while eustress is exciting. Distress can lead to procrastination, while eustress increases motivation.
Distress can impact your productivity, creativity, and mental health. Eustress is a short-term response and makes you feel energized and focused when faced with a challenge you think you can handle.
Eustress has many benefits, especially for ambitious people who enjoy an exciting challenge.
Eustress is a positive reaction to stress and is based on perception. The potential sources of eustress vary between people.
Examples of stress which are commonly seen as positive include learning a new skill, starting a new job, going on a holiday, starting a family, moving, playing competitive sports or challenging video games, or having a complex but constructive debate.
Minimalism isn’t about frugality, but about creating space in our lives. It provides us with the tools to stop clutter from entering our lives and to get rid of useless stuff to make room for us.
The space around us isn’t just physical but includes the digital, mental, emotional and spiritual components that impact us in ways we don’t fully understand. Everything that we love: things like creativity, joy, laughter, needs space to exist.
We think we need things that we don’t really need, and by not buying such stuff we make room for things we truly need.
We need to tollgate our impulse to buy anything by asking ourselves if it sparks joy in our lives or not.
The more things we have, the more rooted, anchored or grounded we become to where we are.
When we are worried about our stuff lying somewhere we are unable to travel with ease and cannot be on the road spontaneously.
We are usually handcuffed to our busy schedule and have no time for the little joys of life, like having a stroll to the nearby coffee shop.
Creating space in our schedule, and stopping to smell the flowers or watch the sunset creates moments of serendipity in our lives that help us feel the magic of being alive.
Our thoughts, especially the creative kind, are blocked by physical clutter.
Mental clutter, the stuff that is bouncing in our minds, needs to be placed somewhere else, like in a notebook. A decluttered mind helps us with connecting ideas in innovative ways.
Let go of toxic people from your lives, creating space for life-giving, and loving people to enter.
Some people are toxic but still take up lots of space in our lives. These people suck our joy, drain our energy, waste our time and resources, and leave us feeling worse than before.
2020 has shown us how important it is to upgrade our skills, which can be done in the comfort of our homes.
Creating space inside our minds is crucial if we want to learn and grab new opportunities and challenges.
Creating space provides us with room to enjoy and savour our breaks, our moments of joy, allowing us to live and breathe in the present, not worrying about the next deadline.
We don’t enjoy our cup of coffee anymore, due to the weight of life upon us all the time. We always need to rush and finish up our fun, getting back to the grind.
“Only by working harmoniously in co-operation with other individuals or groups of individuals and thus creating value and benefit for them will one create sustainable achievement for oneself.”
Dinosaurs first appeared between 247 and 240 million years ago. An extinction event wiped them out 65,5 million years ago, except for the avian dinosaurs.
Scientists think the extinction was likely because of an asteroid impact, chemicals from erupting volcanoes, climate change and other factors.
Fossils reveal that some of the more advanced dinosaurs had feathers or featherlike body covering.
Well-known dinosaurs like the Tyrannosaurus rex, Deinonychus and Velociraptor fall into this order. Saurischians are divided into two groups.
In 1842, palaeontologist Richard Owen coined the term dinosaur. The Greek deinos means "terrible," and sauros means "lizard" or "reptile."
Based on the structure of the hipbones, dinosaurs are classified into two orders:
Ornithischians include horned and frilled Triceratops, spiked Stegosaurus and armoured Ankylosaurus.
They often lived in herds and were prey to the larger species of dinosaurs.
In 2017, a study suggested that this hip-oriented classification was incorrect.
Theropods are likely related to the ornithischian dinosaurs. The theropods and Ornithischia form a newly identified group known as Ornithoscelida. If this is correct, it may explain why both theropods and Ornithischia have feathers, while other dinosaurs don't.