Tim Bouma (@timb) - Deepstash

Tim Bouma



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  1. Break your study time down in to chunks such as 30 minutes and then take a 5 minute break to keep your brain fresh and awake as you are studying.
  2. Teach what you learn to others. This is one of the big values from study groups.
  3. Know the difference between recollection and recognition. Recognition is when you are studying and you turn the page and read something and you think, ‘I know that.’ But what is really going on is that you recognize it.
  4. Use specific locations for studying. Have a study chair and a study desk so you know when you are sitting there you need to be studying.
  5. Don’t listen to music when you are studying especially if it has lyrics.
  6. Understand the difference between concepts and facts. The goal of learning is understanding. It is important to learn and remember facts but make your goal understanding concepts not learning facts.
  7. To remember more of what you learn in class you should take notes. Take enough notes to trigger your brain after class but don’t take so many notes that you can’t focus during Class.
  8. Getting enough sleep is key to remembering more of what you study.
  9. Test your memory by writing what you can recall without looking at your notes.
  10. The Survey, Question, read, recite and review method is when you survey or look over what you are going to learn and then develop questions that focus your brain.
  11. Use memory training techniques to study less study smart! When you use memory techniques such as the mind palace or the memory palace you are really going to remember more of what you studied.




When your head is full of worries while trying to fall asleep, it is nearly impossible to fall asleep. Instead, spend 15 minutes throughout the day to process these thoughts. Making a list of things to do or thinking about solutions can be a healthy way to deal with stress and prevent it from interfering with your sleep later.



Recap your memory

Self-serving bias feeds the ego.

Don’t point fingers and fail to learn from failures. Don’t take credit where it isn’t due. Undue confidence leads to bad decisions.

Negativity bias makes things seem more disastrous than they are.

Do positive thinking exercises and forgive yourself of your past. Don’t forego opportunities for unreasonable fear of loss.

Correspondence (FAE) bias auses us to blame others for their mistakes and external factors for our own.

Judge people by the same standards used to judge yourself.

Gambler’s fallacy is when we draw false conclusions from past data.

Beat this by continually updating your expectations. Keep a reasonableness standard that holds to reality. Think forward, not backward.




In general, a good checklist is:

  • Precise
  • Efficient
  • To the point
  • Easy to Use
  • Simple (just enough)

On the other hand, bad checklists are:

  • Vague
  • Imprecise
  • Long
  • Impractical
  • Too complex to use




  1. Distractions are the biggest threat to doing deep, focused work. When working, avoid switching between tasks, checking emails, or checking your phone. If you can’t address something immediately, let it wait.
  2. Clean and organize your workspace (and even your computer). Since our brains like organization, clutter will drain your focus, mental performance, and productivity and make you stressed and anxious.
  3. To mentally prepare yourself to do your best work, take a few minutes before you start to “get in the zone” with a routine—read an inspiring book, write your goals, take a walk, etc.
  4. To keep your energy levels high all day and increase your endurance, take regular breaks to rest and recover. Just a few minutes every hour or so will help you unlock your deepest work.
  5. When you’re working, do your “big rocks” (your highest-priority tasks that generate the biggest results) first. Then take care of the “small rocks” (your lower priorities).