Value Investing: The Philosophy That Gets you Investing like Warren Buffett
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The value investing philosophy was pioneered by Benjamin Graham and has been popularly put to great use by Warren Buffett (who needs no introduction). The core ideas behind this philosophy can be summarised as follows:
Margin of safety represents the difference between a company’s stock price and the company’s value.
When the stock price of the company falls sufficiently below the intrinsic value, it creates a buying opportunity. Value investors expect that over time, as others recognize the true value of the company, its share price will climb toward its intrinsic value. As this happens, the margin of safety shrinks. When the share price equals or exceeds the company’s intrinsic value, the margin of safety has disappeared and the shares should be sold.
Growth investing and value investing have more in common than apart, the major difference lies in the emphasis on “margin of safety”.
Growth and Value investing are joined at the hip.
Benjamin graham defines an investment operation as “one which, upon thorough analysis, promises safety of principal and an adequate return.”
Based on this definition, there are three components to investing:
Any operations not meeting these requirements according to Graham should be considered speculative.
On paper, the logic of value investing may appear obvious: buy stocks at a bargain price and sell them after the price has gone up. However investment decisions are not that straightforward, an investor is subject to an ever-changing environment where logic can be overshadowed by emotion.
It takes a great deal of conviction to stick to value-investment disciplines, especially when a company’s stock price declines after you purchase its shares.
This is why value investor’s trade long-term (3-5 years).
Value investing principles are therefore mostly unappealing unless the investor has large bucks.
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This ideas explain the basic elements of value investing philosophy.
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