Sibling Relationships - Deepstash
Sibling Relationships

Sibling Relationships

Curated from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

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Adler’s theory of individual psychology

Adler’s theory of individual psychology

Alfred Adler was a part of the psychoanalytic movement of the early 1900s that focused on the causes of personality.

Adler targeted the role of the family system, including sibling influences, as central in personality.

A key construct in Adler’s theory was the inferiority complex.

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Sense of self & Feeling Of Inferiority

Sense of self & Feeling Of Inferiority

From Adler’s perspective, social comparisons and power dynamics in families were central in the individuals’ sense of self.

Adler’s insights led him to advocate the importance of egalitarianism—including equal treatment of siblings—as an important preventive measure in promoting self-esteem.

Adler’s interest was the birth-order effects on individual development and the impact on sibling relationship process.

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Siblings Rivalry

Siblings Rivalry

According to Adler, rivalry between siblings is grounded in each child’s need to overcome potential feelings of inferiority.

Sibling differentiation is a key dynamic in families.

Parental favoritism of one sibling over the other is linked to poorer sibling relationships. 

Cultural factors also may be at play, such that differential treatment has more negative implications in individualistic than in collectivistic cultures.

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SULLOWAY

Sibling differentiation serves to minimize sibling competition.

SULLOWAY

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