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Based on our daily diet patterns, apart from stress levels, exercise and sleep, we end up affecting our blood glucose response. High GI (Glycaemic Index) is generally thought to be bad for us, while Low GI food is considered good.
New research is finding out that different people of the same gender and age can react differently to the same kind of diet, and the traditional classification of High and Low GI is not uniform for everyone.
We all have a varied type of gut microbes, the bacteria inside our stomach, which is based on our diet, climate, genes and other factors. The good news is that we can improve our gut microbes, and they are the key to why different foods affect our bodies differently.
The current widespread diabetes and obesity cases throughout the world are due to us completely misunderstanding our bodies, and focusing only on calorie intake, consuming unhealthy food, instead of having a wholesome nutritionally balanced diet that may include a chocolate bar too!
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Research found the following difference in stomach microbes of different individuals:
Due to the new kinds of microbes discovered in villagers, all the previous research on diet and microbes, which used the baseline data of the Western civilization microbe, thought to be the healthy and normal microbe, is now incorrect.
The Western world has stomach microbial communities that could digest junk food and might re-diversify and recover (to a limited extent) if we just ate more whole grains and veggies.
Only 5 percent of people in the US meet the Institute of Medicine’s recommended daily target of 25 grams for women and 38 grams for men. That amounts to a population-wide deficiency.
Eating a fiber-rich diet is associated with better gastrointestinal health and a reduced risk of heart attacks, strokes, high cholesterol, obesity, type 2 diabetes, even some cancers. Fiber slows the absorption of glucose — which evens out our blood sugar levels — and also lowers cholesterol and inflammation.
Fiber doesn’t just help us poop better — it also nourishes our gut microbiome.
Instead of munching on fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts, and seeds, more than half of the calories Americans consume come from ultra-processed foods. On any given day, nearly 40 percent of Americans eat fast food. These prepared and processed meals tend to be low in fiber, or even fiber free.
Sleeping less has been associated with increased risk of obesity, and addition of body fat, as it affects the overall metabolism of the body, and can also affect our appetite.
To stay healthy, one has to sleep more and also do regular exercise.