Is It Possible to Forget Something That Happened to You in the Past? - Deepstash

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Is It Possible to Forget Something That Happened to You in the Past?

https://www.verywellmind.com/the-debate-over-recovered-memories-2330516

verywellmind.com

Is It Possible to Forget Something That Happened to You in the Past?
Learn about the controversy in the psychology field about whether or not repressed memories can or should be recovered, or if they're accurate.

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Repressed vs Recovered Memories

Repressed vs Recovered Memories

Memories are the switch buttons of information related to our learning and experiences that can be preserved and restored in the brain of humans.

People having sharp memories have the storing ability to memorize their experiences but the topic of recovering the repressed memories is still contentious in psychology.

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The Dissolved Repressed Memory

  • Forgetting about normal aspects is considered as a common event/ability. However, the extreme trauma is sometimes forgotten depending upon the extremity and seriousness of sufferings or due to the fear of futuristic results of a current situation, leading to the dissociative disorders.
  • The various dissociative disorders like a dissociative fugue, depersonalization disorder and dissociative identity disorder have a massive impact on the brain which disconnects the person with the thoughts, emotions, identity of oneself and the nearby surroundings.
  • The connection between these disorders with extreme trauma is still a part of the research for psychologists.

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The Process of Memory

The brain is the holder of various information stored in it in different ways in its different parts. Some memories are stored forever and can be recalled anytime, whereas some are partially retrieved.

But the memories which are traumatic become repressed despite having huge information or a massive experience.

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The Three Stages Of Repressed Memory

  • If the traumatic condition is extreme, then the memory may not be long term rather they can only be stored as sensations, emotions and reactions.
  • In the trauma which is moderate and bearable, the memories can be stored for the long term and are not much affected.
  • The process of “State-dependent” memory enhances and retrieves the forgotten memory at the current time due to the sensory triggers for a particular situation. Whereas sometimes the memory of the traumatic situations can return through sensations or flashbacks where the person feels to recall the past naturally comparing it to the present.

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The Controversy Of A Recovered Memory

Some researchers believe that recovered memories may or may not be true.

In their observations, they found that the trauma survivors who have gone through the extreme emotions have truly recovered memories. While others reported having recovered false memories which are implanted by the therapists in sensitive patients by incorrectly infusing the seriousness of trauma in their mind.

A therapist has to be careful before suggesting any symptom for a root cause until the cause is reported or identified by the patient.

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SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Repression as a defense mechanism

Repression as a defense mechanism

Repression can best be defined as the psychological defense mechanism that involves pushing undesired thoughts into the unconscious in order to not think about them anymore.

...

Types of repression

Repression is of two types: primary and proper.

While the primary one takes into account the fact of hiding undesired thoughts or facts, the proper one takes place whenever an individual becomes aware of the thoughts that had initially been hidden and tries to hide them again.

Repression and its way of functioning

The objective of hiding our undesired thoughts in our unconsciousness is to feel less anxious.

However, Freud stated that this process can backfire at any point, as these hidden thoughts or feelings can still create anxiety, eventually leading to psychological distress.

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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is a mental health disorder that begins after a traumatic event. Events may include:

  • A natural disaster like a tornado
  • Military combat
  • Assau...

PTSD symptoms

Words, sounds, or situations that remind you of trauma can trigger your symptoms. Symptom categories:

  • Intrusion: Flashbacks, where you relive the event. Clear, unpleasant memories or nightmares about the incident and intense distress when you think about the event.
  • Avoidance: Avoiding people, places, or situations that remind you of the event.
  • Arousal and reactivity: Trouble concentrating, easily startled, feeling of being on edge, irritability, moments of anger.
  • Cognition and mood: Negative thoughts, feelings of guilt, worry, blame, trouble remembering parts of the event, reduced interest in activities you enjoyed.

PTSD treatment

If you're diagnosed with PTSD, you will likely be prescribed therapy, medication, or both.

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or "talk therapy" helps you to process the traumatic event.
  • Exposure therapy lets you re-experience elements of the trauma in a safe environment. It desensitizes you to the event and lessens your symptoms.
  • Antidepressants, anti-anxiety drug**s, and sleep aids** may help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety.

The different kinds of memories

The different kinds of memories

We hold on to different kinds of memories.

  • Short-term memories last seconds to hours and long-term memories last for years.
  • We also have a...

Where your brain keeps memories

By studying people with amnesia, it seems that short-term and long-term memories don't form in precisely the same way, nor do declarative and procedural memories.

  • Emotional responses such as fear occur in a brain region called the amygdala.
  • Memories of learned skills are associated with the region called the striatum.
  • The hippocampus is essential for forming, retaining, and recalling declarative memories.
  • The temporal lobes play a critical role in forming and recalling memories.

How we experience memories

Memories are held within groups of neurons called cell assemblies. They fire as a group in response to a specific stimulus, such as recognising your friend's face.

The more neurons fire together, the more the interconnection of the cells strengthen. We experience the nerves' collective activity as a memory.