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How humans develop a sense of humor

https://theconversation.com/how-children-develop-a-sense-of-humour-77028

theconversation.com

How humans develop a sense of humor
It turns out that children as young as three can actually understand some forms of irony.

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The main element needed for developing humor

The main element needed for developing humor

Children need socialization to develop a feel for humor. They must understand that they are sharing an experience with another person.

We do this by engaging in eye contact and laughing and sharing reactions together.

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The ability to communicate jokes

Children first need to possess a few basic cognitive skills to communicate jokes, such as imagination, the ability to take a different perspective, and language.

These abilities tend to develop at different rates in children and continue to grow and change throughout adolescence and adulthood.

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Language and humor

Most types of humour involve the realisation of contradiction, or a mismatch, between a concept and a situation. In other words, we laugh when things surprise us because they are out of place. Even simple games like peek-a-boo have an element of surprise where someone suddenly appears out of nowhere.

Researchers think that communication is essential for humor and that humor facilitates the process of learning a language.

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Imagination and humor

Imagination plays a role in incongruity. It helps children to play social roles that they usually wouldn't. Imagination begins to appear in children around 12-18 months, corresponding with the time children start to repeat parent's jokes.

Children start to produce their own jokes around two years of age, with jokes being object-based, such as putting underwear on the head. They often draw inspiration from what they are learning about. This helps them process social rules.

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Perspective and deception

One of the skills that help children develop humor is knowing that people have access to different mental states and that some can have false beliefs or be deceived. When parents pretend not to see a child creeping up to scare them - this is an example of a child understanding deception.

Some research shows that this knowledge is essential for children to understand jokes involving sarcasm and irony. Children typically understand irony around five. Other researchers argue that joking develops through social interaction rather than knowledge of deception.

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Inside jokes

Making inside jokes usually shows how bounded a team or a group is: their jokes can understood the best by themselves.

However, the moment an outsider integrates the group, it is better to avoid the inside jokes, as this will most probably make him or her feel out of place.

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The dual nature of sarcasm

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