Why religion is not going away and science will not destroy it - Peter Harrison | Aeon Ideas - Deepstash

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Why religion is not going away and science will not destroy it - Peter Harrison | Aeon Ideas

https://aeon.co/ideas/why-religion-is-not-going-away-and-science-will-not-destroy-it

aeon.co

Why religion is not going away and science will not destroy it - Peter Harrison | Aeon Ideas
In 1966, just over 50 years ago, the distinguished Canadian-born anthropologist Anthony Wallace confidently predicted the global demise of religion at the hands of an advancing science: 'belief in supernatural powers is doomed to die out, all over the world, as a result of the increasing adequacy and diffusion of scientific knowledge'.

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Secularism's Rise is Halted

A Social Sciences prediction that all cultures would converge and become something resembling the secular, western liberal democracy has proven to be false.

There is a shift in many countries from secular governments to religious ones and predicted Secularisation has failed.

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A decline in Religious Belief

  • Religious belief has seen a steady decline across the world.
  • Close to 30% of people in Australia claim to have no religion, and countries like western Europe report low levels of religious commitment.
  • Even in the U.S., the number of atheists has risen to 3%.

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David Martin

"There is no consistent relation between the degree of scientific advance and a reduced profile of religious influence, belief and practice.:

David Martin

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Secularisation Forecasts

Early Leaders of an Independent India incorrectly believed that ancient Hinduism and the Muslim efforts of a theocracy based on Islam, would both surrender to secularisation. In the US, as a varied and new culture, the efforts of science to promote a secular thought process were in vain.

The hypothesis that Science will cause secularisation was proven wrong in many parts of the world, historically.

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Science Vs Religion

  • Science and Religion were historically being studied in a 'conflict model' where theological and scientific views were put in loggerheads with each other.
  • This contributed to a mistaken view of the past and led to a flawed conception of the future due to the expectations of secularisation.

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Describing wonder

Wonder is said to be a childish emotion. However, as adults, we experience it when gaping at something unexpectedly spectacular.

Adam Smith, an 18th-century moral philosopher, describes wond...

Bodily symptoms

The bodily symptoms of this strange appearance point to three dimensions:

  • Sensory: The marvelous things take hold of our senses - we stare and widen our eyes.
  • Cognitive: We are perplexed because we don't have a past experience to understand them. It leads to a suspension of breath, similar to when we are startled.
  • Spiritual: We look upwards in veneration, which makes our heart swell.

The scale of wonder

At the mild end of this emotion, we talk about things being marvelous. More intense emotions might be described as astonishing. The extreme of this experiences is met with expressions of awe.

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