The art of war is of vital importance to the state. it is a matter of life and death, a road either to saferity or to ruin, hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected.
In the practical art of war, the best thing of all is to take the enemy's country whole and intact, to shatter and destroy , it is not so good.
If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained, you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.
Five dngerous faults which may affect a General:-
(a) Recklessness, which leads to destruction.
(b) Cowardice, which leads to capture.
(c) A hasty temper, which can be provoked by
(d) A delicacy of honour which is sensitive to
(d) Over solicitude for his men, which exposes
him to worry and trouble.
When an army is overthrown and its leader slain, the cause will surely be found among these five dangerous faults. Let them be a subject of meditation.
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