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"Well, I do think there’s a good framework for thinking. It is physics. You know, the sort of first principles reasoning.
(...) What I mean by that is, boil things down to their fundamental truths and reason up from there, as opposed to reasoning by analogy.
Through most of our life, we get through life by reasoning by analogy, which essentially means copying what other people do with slight variations."
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Is a basic, foundational, self-evident proposition or assumption that cannot be deduced from any other proposition or assumption.
"… it's important to reason from first principles rather than by analogy. The normal way we conduct our lives is we reason by analogy. We are doing this because it's like something else that was done, or it is like what other people are doing. But with first principles, you boil things down to the most fundamental truths and then reason up from there."