increasing positive reinforcements and reducing negative reinforcements ... - Deepstash
  • increasing positive reinforcements and reducing negative reinforcements
  • using consistent punishment for bad behavior
  • using predictable and immediate parenting responses
  • modeling positive interactions in the household
  • reducing environmental or situational triggers (For example, if your child’s disruptive behaviors seem to increase with a lack of sleep, make sure they get enough sleep.)

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MORE IDEAS FROM What Is Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)?

ODD Among Children
  • frequent temper tantrums or episodes of anger
  • refusal to comply with adult requests
  • excessive arguing with adults and authority figures
  • always questioning or actively disregarding rules
  • behavior intended to upset, annoy, or anger others, especially authority figures
  • blaming others for their own mistakes or misbehaviors
  • being easily annoyed
  • vindictiveness

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Individual cognitive behavioral therapy: A psychologist will work with the child to improve:

  • anger management skills
  • communication skills
  • impulse control
  • problem-solving skills

They may also be able to identify potential contributing factors.

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At least one of these symptoms must be displayed with someone who is not a sibling. The categories and symptoms include:

Angry or irritable mood, which includes symptoms like:

  • often losing their temper
  • being touchy
  • being easily annoyed
  • often becoming angry or resentful

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ODD Among Adults
  • feeling angry at the world
  • feeling misunderstood or disliked
  • strong dislike for authority, including supervisors at work
  • identifying as a rebel
  • defending themselves vehemently and not being open to feedback
  • blaming others for their own mistakes

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ODD: Oppositional Defiant Disorder.

ODD is a behavioral disorder that results in defiance and anger against authority. It can affect a person’s work, school, and social life.

ODD affects between 1 and 16 percent of school age children. It’s more common in boys than girls. Many children start to show symptoms of ODD between the ages of 6 and 8 years. ODD also occurs in adults. Adults with ODD who were not diagnosed as children often go undiagnosed.

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Family therapy: A psychologist will work with the whole family to make changes. This can help parents find support and learn strategies for handling their child’s ODD.

Parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT): Therapists will coach the parents as they interact with their children. Parents can learn more effective parenting techniques.

Peer groups: The child can learn how to improve their social skills and relationships with other children.

Medications: These can help treat causes of ODD, such as depression or ADHD. However, there is no specific medication to treat ODD itself.

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The disorder is often difficult to diagnose in adults because many of the symptoms overlap with antisocial behaviors , substance abuse, and other disorders.

There is no proven cause of ODD, but there are theories that can help identify potential causes. It’s thought a combination of environmental, biological, and psychological factors cause ODD. For example, it’s more common in families with a history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) .

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Common symptoms of an anxiety attack include:

  • feeling faint or dizzy
  • shortness of breath
  • dry mouth
  • sweating
  • chills or hot flashes
  • apprehension and worry
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We should always be aware of the common symptoms of an anxiety. Let's help each other and have a happy life.

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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is a mental health disorder that begins after a traumatic event. Events may include:

  • A natural disaster like a tornado
  • Military combat
  • Assault or abuse
  • An accident

PSTD is also known as "shell shock" or "battle fatigue." People with PSTD feel a heightened sense of danger. They are always in the fight-or-flight response mode, causing them to feel stressed or fearful, even in safe situations.

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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) .

Post-traumatic stress disorder is of great interest to public health, due to the high burden it places on both the individual and society.

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