ODD is a behavioral disorder that results in defiance and anger against authority. It can affect a person’s work, school, and social life.
ODD affects between 1 and 16 percent of school age children. It’s more common in boys than girls. Many children start to show symptoms of ODD between the ages of 6 and 8 years. ODD also occurs in adults. Adults with ODD who were not diagnosed as children often go undiagnosed.
The disorder is often difficult to diagnose in adults because many of the symptoms overlap with antisocial behaviors , substance abuse, and other disorders.
There is no proven cause of ODD, but there are theories that can help identify potential causes. It’s thought a combination of environmental, biological, and psychological factors cause ODD. For example, it’s more common in families with a history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) .
At least one of these symptoms must be displayed with someone who is not a sibling. The categories and symptoms include:
Angry or irritable mood, which includes symptoms like:
Argumentative or defiant behavior, which includes symptoms like:
Individual cognitive behavioral therapy: A psychologist will work with the child to improve:
They may also be able to identify potential contributing factors.
Family therapy: A psychologist will work with the whole family to make changes. This can help parents find support and learn strategies for handling their child’s ODD.
Parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT): Therapists will coach the parents as they interact with their children. Parents can learn more effective parenting techniques.
Peer groups: The child can learn how to improve their social skills and relationships with other children.
Medications: These can help treat causes of ODD, such as depression or ADHD. However, there is no specific medication to treat ODD itself.
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