This type of empathy is a trait that’s often characteristic of narcissistic or psychopathic people.
These people are able to identify and read the emotions of others better than you realize. Once they know how the people around them are feeling, they take advantage of this connection to manipulate them and fulfill their own objectives. They manage to do all of this without feeling even a shred of remorse.
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People who use instrumental empathy are often extremely charming . Their goal is to convince the people around them that they really care for them.
Some key characteristics are:
A study published in the scientific journal Brain , by doctors Harma Meffert and Valeria Gazzola, brought to light the “mirror system”. This is the ability to tune into the emotions of others using "mirror neurons". These neurons are present even in people who are considered “psychopaths” and who are convicted criminals.
However, this empathy is usually brief, deliberately timed, and has a specific purpose. In reality, it’s not empathy at all.
Some people (and even primates) can understand the emotions of those around them and want to help them. On the other hand, others can identify those emotions, but choose not to do anything in response.
Those types of people who are using instrumental empathy are aware of other’s emotions and use them for their own benefit. While they do act, their only intention is to manipulate others and cause them harm. They manage this without having a guilty conscience or feeling any remorse.
Psychopathy is a condition characterized by the absence of empathy and the blunting of other affective states. Callousness, detachment, and a lack of empathy enable psychopaths to be highly manipulative.
Psychopathy can simply be defined as a chronic mental disorder comprised of abnormal and violent social behaviors with little or no remorse or guilt.
The term 'psychopath' is not an official diagnosis. Instead a doctor may diagnose someone with specific traits they associate with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) like lack of empathy, remorse and persistent antisocial behavior.
Although many people tend to confuse the notions of empathy and sympathy, these two are quite different.
While sympathy implies only the fact of feeling concerned about someone, empathy goes way beyond that and it might result in harming the person who is displaying and feeling it.
Empathy is the abillity to emotionally understand what other people feel. see things from their point of view, and imagine yourself in their place.
essentially, it is putting yourself in someone else's position and feeling what they must be feeling.
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