Preventive measures

Preventive measures

Preventive measures for COVID-19 (including vaccination , wearing a mask  and social distancing ) are important especially if you are older or have multiple or severe health conditions. You can learn about CDC’s COVID-19 vaccine recommendations, including how medical conditions and other factors inform recommendations.

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Certain Medical Conditions and Risk for Severe COVID-19 Illness

cdc.gov

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  1. Older adults are more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. More than 80% of COVID-19 deaths occur in people over age 65, and more than 95% of COVID-19 deaths occur in people older than 45.
  2. Long-standing systemic health and social inequities have put various groups of people at increased risk of getting sick and dying from COVID-19, including many racial and ethnic minority groups and people with disabilities.

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Certan medical conditions To be aware of in Covid-19 illness

Adults of any age with the following conditions can be more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Severe illness  means that a person with COVID-19 may need:

  • Hospitalization
  • Intensive care
  • A ventilator to help them breathe
  • Or they may even die

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Pregnant and recently pregnant people (for at least 42 days following end of pregnancy) are more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19 compared with non-pregnant people.

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Overweight (defined as a body mass index  (BMI) > 25 kg/m2  but < 30 kg/m2 ), obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 but < 40 kg/m2 ), or severe obesity (BMI of ≥40 kg/m2 ), can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.  The risk of severe COVID-19 illness increases sharply with elevated BMI.

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  • Asthma, if it’s moderate to severe
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  • Having damaged or scarred lung tissue such as interstitial lung disease (including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis)
  • Cystic fibrosis, with or without lung or other solid organ transplant
  • Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs)

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Having a weakened immune system can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Many conditions and treatments can cause a person to be immunocompromised or have a weakened immune system. Primary immunodeficiency is caused by genetic defects that can be inherited. Prolonged use of corticosteroids or other immune weakening medicines can lead to secondary or acquired immunodeficiency.

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Having HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having either type 1 or type 2 diabetes can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having had a solid organ or blood stem cell transplant, which includes bone marrow transplants, can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

Having a substance use disorder (such as alcohol, opioid, or cocaine use disorder) can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

Get more information:

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Chronic kidney disease

Having chronic kidney disease of any stage can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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  • This list is presentedin alphabetical order and not in order of risk.
  • CDC completed an evidence review process  for each medical condition on this list to ensure they met criteria for inclusion on this webpage.
  • We are learning more about COVID-19 every day, and this list may be updated as the science evolves.

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Having cancer can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Treatments for many types of cancer can weaken your body’s ability to fight off disease. At this time, based on available studies, having a history of cancer may increase your risk.

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Having neurological conditions, such as dementia, can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having Down syndrome can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having heart conditions such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, and possibly high blood pressure (hypertension) can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having chronic liver disease, such as alcohol-related liver disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and especially cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver, can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having hemoglobin blood disorders like sickle cell disease (SCD) or thalassemia can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Being a current or former cigarette smoker can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. If you currently smoke, quit. If you used to smoke, don’t start again. If you’ve never smoked, don’t start.

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CBD

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a drug derived from marijuana and hemp plants. It has been hyped up to cure many ailments, including heart disease, cancer, and even the new virus. These claims have been debunked.

CBD does have its uses as a treatment for seizures in patients with epilepsy. It also reduces anxiety and helps with inflammation of the joints.

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No, CBD is not a miracle molecule

theconversation.com

Experts warn that smoking or vaping cannabis or anything else is not good for the lungs, regardless if it's during a pandemic or not.

Smoking specifically damages type 2 pneumocyte cells in the lungs. The new virus also binds to the type 2 pneumocytes. If you have less type 2 pneumocytes, your lungs are already under stress. If you smoke and contract the virus, you're going to be worse off.

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What to Know About Using Cannabis Right Now

elemental.medium.com

It is often referred to incorrectly as the “Spanish flu.” Between 50 and 100 million people are thought to have died, representing as much as 5% of the world’s population. Half a billion people were infected.
Misconceptions about it may be fueling unfounded fears about the new virus.

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10 misconceptions about the 1918 flu, the 'greatest pandemic in history'

theconversation.com