Certan medical conditions To be aware of in Covid-19 illness

Adults of any age with the following conditions can be more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Severe illness  means that a person with COVID-19 may need:

  • Hospitalization
  • Intensive care
  • A ventilator to help them breathe
  • Or they may even die

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Certain Medical Conditions and Risk for Severe COVID-19 Illness

cdc.gov

  1. Older adults are more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. More than 80% of COVID-19 deaths occur in people over age 65, and more than 95% of COVID-19 deaths occur in people older than 45.
  2. Long-standing systemic health and social inequities have put various groups of people at increased risk of getting sick and dying from COVID-19, including many racial and ethnic minority groups and people with disabilities.

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Preventive measures

Preventive measures for COVID-19 (including vaccination , wearing a mask  and social distancing ) are important especially if you are older or have multiple or severe health conditions. You can learn about CDC’s COVID-19 vaccine recommendations, including how medical conditions and other factors inform recommendations.

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  • This list is presentedin alphabetical order and not in order of risk.
  • CDC completed an evidence review process  for each medical condition on this list to ensure they met criteria for inclusion on this webpage.
  • We are learning more about COVID-19 every day, and this list may be updated as the science evolves.

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Having cancer can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Treatments for many types of cancer can weaken your body’s ability to fight off disease. At this time, based on available studies, having a history of cancer may increase your risk.

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Chronic kidney disease

Having chronic kidney disease of any stage can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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  • Asthma, if it’s moderate to severe
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  • Having damaged or scarred lung tissue such as interstitial lung disease (including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis)
  • Cystic fibrosis, with or without lung or other solid organ transplant
  • Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs)

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Having neurological conditions, such as dementia, can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having either type 1 or type 2 diabetes can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having Down syndrome can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having heart conditions such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, and possibly high blood pressure (hypertension) can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Having a weakened immune system can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Many conditions and treatments can cause a person to be immunocompromised or have a weakened immune system. Primary immunodeficiency is caused by genetic defects that can be inherited. Prolonged use of corticosteroids or other immune weakening medicines can lead to secondary or acquired immunodeficiency.

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Having chronic liver disease, such as alcohol-related liver disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and especially cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver, can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Overweight (defined as a body mass index  (BMI) > 25 kg/m2  but < 30 kg/m2 ), obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 but < 40 kg/m2 ), or severe obesity (BMI of ≥40 kg/m2 ), can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.  The risk of severe COVID-19 illness increases sharply with elevated BMI.

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Pregnant and recently pregnant people (for at least 42 days following end of pregnancy) are more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19 compared with non-pregnant people.

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Having hemoglobin blood disorders like sickle cell disease (SCD) or thalassemia can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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Being a current or former cigarette smoker can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. If you currently smoke, quit. If you used to smoke, don’t start again. If you’ve never smoked, don’t start.

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Having had a solid organ or blood stem cell transplant, which includes bone marrow transplants, can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

Having a substance use disorder (such as alcohol, opioid, or cocaine use disorder) can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

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