Ideas from books, articles & podcasts.
Enlightenment represents a way of pursuing knowledge with a tradition of criticism and seeking good explanations instead of reliance on authority. Enlightenment's quintessential idea is that progress is both desirable and attainable.
The Enlightenment was a revolution in how people sought knowledge: by trying not to rely on authority. Mainly Religion. That is the context in which empiricism – purporting to rely solely on the senses for knowledge – played such a salutary historical role, despite being fundamentally false and even authoritative in its conception of how science works.
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Science is not about prediction. But explanations. Predictions are used to validate new explanations.
There is only one way of making progress: conjecture (guesses) and criticism. We create theories by rearranging, combining, altering and adding to existing ideas with the intention of improving upon them. The rol...
Problems are conflicts between explanations or theories. Expectations are theories too.
2 interpretations of human progress inspired 2 broad branches of the Enlightenment:
created 3 ideas
created 12 ideas
We are born with an innate capability to understand languages.
created 14 ideas
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