Experimental and Control Groups - Deepstash
Experimental and Control Groups

Experimental and Control Groups

They divided the students into two groups: the experimental and control.

10

STASHED IN:

106

MORE IDEAS FROM THE ARTICLE

Experimental Group

What they had to do:

  • They had to explain what they thought would be on the exam and which resources they thought were most useful to help them study for the expected questions.
  • They were also asked how they planned to use these resources to prepare and why they thought their plan would be effective.

12

STASHED IN:

113

Control Group

They only received a standard exam reminder.

8

STASHED IN:

106

Information is the Problem

Although many schools attempt to shower students with more money and information to improve performance, the authors argue that too many resources can actually be a hindrance to intentional studying and strong performances.

19

STASHED IN:

110

How They Did It

Stanford researchers asked students to reflect on specific strategies to improve their performance and investigated the direct causal effect of this self-reflection.

11

STASHED IN:

108

The Results
  • Across two studies, students receiving the intervention performed significantly better than those in the control group on the same exam; on average, their grades increased by one-third of a letter grade.
  • Students also reported higher levels of empowerment and control after the intervention, as well as more positive feelings about future exams in the class.

8

STASHED IN:

109

“It’s not merely about using a greater number of resources for studying. The important point here is using resources more effectively,”

38

STASHED IN:

121

“Actively self-reflecting on the approaches that you are taking fosters a strategic stance that is really important in life,”

22

STASHED IN:

118

Deepstash helps you become inspired, wiser and productive, through bite-sized ideas from the best articles, books and videos out there.

GET THE APP:

RELATED IDEAS

When to Study

Studying time is more efficient if it is spread out over many sessions throughout the semester, with a little extra right before the exam.

Cover each piece of info five times from when you first learn it until your exam. It will enable you to retain the information with minimal effort.

137

STASHED IN:

4.8K

Working strategically

A famous quote from Thomas Edison is that "genius is one percent inspiration, and ninety-nine percent perspiration."

While passion and perseverance are essential to reaching your goals, we should remember the strategic process involved in reaching our goal. Edison didn't just randomly move from one failed design after another but adapted and refined his ideas. He made intelligent decisions that learned from the failures and built on the successes.

7

STASHED IN:

537

1. Eat healthy.

If you plan on dedicating more than ten hours for serious studying daily, you will often find that eating will slip off your radar.

Studying such long hours requires mental stamina and for this, getting the right amount of nutrition at the right intervals is essential and so is staying hydrated – drink water at regular intervals.

5

STASHED IN:

67