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Seven female scientists you may not have heard of

Ada Lovelace - Mathematician (1815 - 1852)

Ada Lovelace - Mathematician (1815 - 1852)

She is most famous for the creation of what is today known as ‘looping’- a method by which the computer programs repeat a series of instructions.

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Seven female scientists you may not have heard of

Seven female scientists you may not have heard of

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-51399835

bbc.com

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Key Ideas

Astronomer Mary Somerville (1780 - 1872)

The Scottish astronomer’s research has proven essential to the discovery of Neptune. Furthermore, in 1835 she got the title of the first female member of the Royal Astronomical Society in London and she has been on the Royal Bank of Scotland’s notes for the last three years.

British paleontologist Mary Anning (1799 - 1847)

She made the fascinating discovery of what we call today the Jurassic remains, by finding an ancient reptile at a very young age. 

Even though she did not receive recognition during her lifetime, she now bears the title of the ‘unsung hero of fossil discovery.’

Ada Lovelace - Mathematician (1815 - 1852)

She is most famous for the creation of what is today known as ‘looping’- a method by which the computer programs repeat a series of instructions.

British doctor Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836 - 1917)

She was the very first female doctor in the UK, obtaining the right to participate in university courses after years of having observed and attended male medical students. Furthermore, she is also one of the co-founders of the London School of Medicine for Women and an activist for women’s right to vote.

British dietician Elsie Widdowson (1906 - 2000)

She released the book The Chemical Composition of Foods, which describes the nutritional values of various foods. Moreover, she encouraged the addition of vitamins to food during wartime rationing.

Dorothy Hodgkin - Chemist (1910 - 1994)

She is the only British woman to have won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, after having discovered the structures of penicillin, insulin and vitamin B12. 

More than that, she found herself as one of the chemistry lecturers of previous Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at Somerville College and she was president of the Pugwash Conference for 12 years, an international organization that has as aim to evaluate the threats of nuclear weapons.

Astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943 -)

She is most famous for the discovery of radio pulsars, which are the by-products of supernova explosions that allow the existence of life under all its forms.

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Lucy Wills
Lucy Wills

Lucy Wills was a hematologist who discovered that folic acid could be used to prevent life-threatening types of anemia in pregnant women.

Will's research into women's health...

The life of Lucy Wills
  • Lucy Wills was born on May 10, 1888, in Sutton Coldfield, England.
  • Her father was a science graduate, and her mother was the daughter of a doctor, thus she received a robust scientific education.
  • In 1903, she attended Cheltenham School that train female students in science and mathematics.
  • In 1907, Wills began studying natural sciences and botany at Newnham College, an all-women's college.
  • In 1915, Wills enrolled at the London School of Medicine for Women and became qualified in 1920.
  • She taught and researched in the department of pregnant pathology at the Royal Free Teaching Hospital in London.
Starting to study anemia

In 1928, Lucy Wills was recruited to India and tasked to investigate why millions of pregnant women in the developing world suffered from a severe and often deadly form of anemia.

She found the red blood cells of anemic pregnant women were extremely swollen and consequently not carrying enough hemoglobin. Wills first thought that a bacteria or virus might have caused anemia. But she noticed that richer women in India who had a more nutritious diet were less likely to become anemic during pregnancy.

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Swearing
Swearing is usually regarded as simply lazy language or an abusive lapse in civility.

New research reveals that profanity has many positive virtues, from promoting trust and teamwork in the office t...

Swearing has an emotional impact

There’s great research coming out that says that jocular abuse, particularly swearing among friends, is a strong signal of the degree of trust that those friends share.

You’re demonstrating that you have a sophisticated theory of mind about the person that you’re talking to and that you understand their mental model.

Women swear just as much as men

Attitudinal surveys show that both men and women tend to judge women’s swearing much more harshly.

For example, when women with breast cancer or arthritis swear as a result of their condition, they’re much more likely to lose friends, particularly female friends. Whereas men who swear about conditions like testicular cancer tend to bond more closely with other men using the same vocabulary.

Describing wonder

Wonder is said to be a childish emotion. However, as adults, we experience it when gaping at something unexpectedly spectacular.

Adam Smith, an 18th-century moral philosopher, describes wond...

Bodily symptoms

The bodily symptoms of this strange appearance point to three dimensions:

  • Sensory: The marvelous things take hold of our senses - we stare and widen our eyes.
  • Cognitive: We are perplexed because we don't have a past experience to understand them. It leads to a suspension of breath, similar to when we are startled.
  • Spiritual: We look upwards in veneration, which makes our heart swell.
The scale of wonder

At the mild end of this emotion, we talk about things being marvelous. More intense emotions might be described as astonishing. The extreme of this experiences is met with expressions of awe.

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The Half-Life of Facts
The Half-Life of Facts

Facts decay over time. And the time it takes to disprove or replace half of it can be predicted.

Data in medicine become half as relevant in 2-3 years. For exact sciences, 2-4 years.

Half life of facts and compound knowledge

If we want our knowledge to compound, we’ll need to focus on the invariant general principles.

Half-lives show us that if we spend time learning something that changes quickly, we might be wasting our time. 

Bicycles
Bicycles

Invented back in the 19th century, bicycles were as disruptive as the iPhone was when it was launched in 2007.

A bicycle was unbelievably cool, took one anywhere for free quickly and didn’t...

The Invention of The Bicycle

John Kemp Starley invented the bicycle as we know it today when he was only 30. His ‘Rover Safety’ bicycle, first displayed in a bicycle show in 1886, was a curiosity, but later when pneumatic tires were added to it to cushion the ride, it became safer, smoother and also 30 per cent faster.

Women Power and Bicycles

The masses, especially women, suddenly experienced freedom to go anywhere without the need for expensive carriages and horses.

The bicycles transformed society, and emancipated women in a way nothing else could. Women found them lightweight, fast, affordable and easy to take care of.

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Hard Work Or Good Fortune

Luck is often a combination of the right connections, the right timing, and many other influences that cannot be predicted. Hard work typically gets better results than you...

Absolute Success vs. Relative Success

The absolute view is more global. What explains the difference between a wealthy person born in America and someone born into extreme poverty?  

The relative view is more local. What explains the difference in results between you and everyone who went to the same school or grew up in the same neighborhood? 

Balance between luck and hard work

You can only control the slope of your success, not your initial position.

Regardless of where you start, your habits are putting you in a path to success. Your good luck requires hard work if you want to sustain your success.

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Love at first sight...or not

When choosing our partner, looks play a decisive role. Research has shown that features such as symmetrical faces, good health, or female traits (when it comes to women) might prove quite essential...

The language style on a date

While physical attraction will never cease to be an essential component of a relationship, it does have strong competition when talking about communication. 

The fact that both partners share the same language style can only have positive effects on their future together. Language is also a sure means to see if somebody is having the time of their life or just another wasted evening.

Your partner's personal signature

Whenever you go on a date, you tend to pay attention to some aspects more than to others. Therefore, individuals find themselves judging the person across the table by taking into account his or her smell, hairiness, taste of their kiss, and so on. 

All these do not only provide one with important information about the person's lifestyle, but they also say more than enough about their health and personal habit. So you better pay attention to these details next time you are on a date, as they behave like the other one's signature.

Move

Decades of studies show that just 30 minutes of moderate to intense daily physical activity lowers your risk for physiological diseases (like heart disease and cancer), as well as psychological one...

Eat Real Foods

Avoid stuff that comes wrapped in plastic. Foods that undergo ultra-processing tend to see much of their nutritional bounty stripped from them. Also, ultra-processed foods are much higher in energy density than foods made from fresh, whole ingredients.

A healthy diet is one rich in vegetables, whole grains, fish, and leaner meats with regular but not excessive consumption of fruits, nuts, and healthy oils.

Call Your Friends

Social connections are associated with reduced levels of the stress hormone cortisol, improved sleep quality, reduced risk of heart disease and stroke, slowed cognitive decline, lessened systemic inflammation, and improved immune function.

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Noise in the office

The open office sitting plan in many organizations has made some people lament on all kinds of office-specific noise they hear, and the kind of noise their neighboring colleagues make.

Noise-...

Noise affects us differently

Some individuals like a certain office ambient noise, even music, as it makes them concentrate more, or provides a distraction, which is also needed.

Others have an extreme aversion, a sort of panic attack to distracting sounds, which is called Misophonia.

Extroverts and Introverts

Extroverts seek and find noisy environments comfortable, while introverts are the opposite, and run away to solitary comfort after interacting with people.

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Today's film industry
Today's film industry

The film industry is at a tipping point. Traditional studios are under threat of being shouldered out by their competitors. Sequels take precedence over original content, projects struggle without ...

A growing movement
  • The Time’s Up movement is making strides to eliminate gender-based discrimination at every stage of the film-making process.
  • It has established a mentorship programme for aspiring producers from socio-economically disadvantaged households.
  • The 4 Percent Challenge, encourages industry figures to work with a female director every 18 months.
  • Grants have been made available to journalists covering film festivals.
  • Standards of behaviour on set are changing. There is a push for more female directors and equal pay to ensure sustainable cultural change.
Disruption of the industry

Streaming services following in the footsteps of Netflix, have revolutionized the way we consume visual media.

  • Despite the boycotts by major cinema chains, they also succeeded in democratizing the movie business, because they can take more risks. They release more films and are free from box-office pressures.
  • Mid-budget movies is another welcome side-effect.

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