Most aspects of mental processing slow down as we age. While we continue to accumulate knowledge of the world at a slower rate, we gain more experience that increases our wisdom.
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Researchers disagree in their hypotheses about how our minds tend to get worse with age. What can be observed is the following:
However, older people seem to be better at emotional regulation.
Some people seem to age mostly with minds intact and others notice dramatic slowdowns. The brain appears to have a lot of redundancy built-in - known as cognitive reserve.
Education seems to have a protective effect on aging, possibly because education contributes to cognitive reserve.
Some aspects of cognitive aging can be slowed down with training.
There are three possible reasons why the ability to learn a language decreases at 18.
In the intelligence field, there is a distinction between: