deepstash

Beta

Get an account to save ideas & make your own & organize them how you wish.

STASHES TO GET YOU STARTED

© Brainstash, Inc

deepstash

Beta

The 10 Habits of Logical People - Foundation for Economic Education

Attentiveness

When we're not paying sufficient attention to a situation, it is easy to make mistakes in reasoning.

The logical person has to train himself to always pay attention, even in familiar situations.

243 SAVES


This is a professional note extracted from an online article.

Read more efficiently

Save what inspires you

Remember anything

IDEA EXTRACTED FROM:

The 10 Habits of Logical People - Foundation for Economic Education

The 10 Habits of Logical People - Foundation for Economic Education

https://fee.org/articles/the-10-habits-of-logical-people/

fee.org

11

Key Ideas

The logical person

Becoming a logical person involves cultivating intellectual habits and skills that may seem simple, but are only achieved after lots of education and training.

Attentiveness

When we're not paying sufficient attention to a situation, it is easy to make mistakes in reasoning.

The logical person has to train himself to always pay attention, even in familiar situations.

Get the Facts Straight

If the fact is an existing thing, then access it to establish its factualness.

If you cannot establish factualness by direct evidence, then test the authenticity and reliability of the indirect evidence.

Clear Ideas

Our ideas are the way our minds understand the objective world. Clear ideas consistently reflect that world, while vague ideas give a distorted view of the world.

The logical person is always testing his ideas for accuracy.

The Origins of Ideas

The logical person understands that his ideas are based on things that exist.

Many ideas may seem true at first, but when you spent time looking into the sources of those ideas, you'll find they originated in legends.

Match Ideas to Facts

Ideas should not be a product of pure subjectivism, but must always touch base with the facts in the objective world from which the ideas were born. (e.g., the idea of a "cat" should refer to an actual cat.)

This is much harder to do with more complex ideas, such as capitalism and socialism.

Match Words to Ideas

We can only communicate our ideas if we use words that accurately express those ideas. Finding the right words could be difficult. In such a case, we should go back to the source of the idea to bring clarification.

Communicating Effectively

Logic is about finding out if statements are true or false, and the ability to express ideas clearly.

  • Don’t assume your audience understands your meaning if you don’t make it obvious.
  • Speak in complete sentences.
  • Don’t treat opinions as if they were statements of objective fact.
  • Avoid double negatives.
  • Use language your audience will understand.

Vague Language

"Vague" and "ambiguous" originates from Latin words that mean "wandering."

A logical person avoids vague and ambiguous language. He doesn't use language that dances around ideas but uses precise vocabulary, so the listener knows exactly what he is talking about. If he refers to complex terms such as freedom or equality, he ensures to define his understanding of the word before proceeding.

Evasive Language

Evasive language does not directly state what a speaker has in mind. It results in two problems:

  • It can deceive the audience.
  • It can distort your listeners' sense of reality.

If we consistently use evasive language, we may eventually believe our own bad rhetoric.

Arriving at the Truth

The purpose of logic is to arrive at the truth. There are two basic forms of truth:

  • Ontological truth - what exists in reality.
  • Logical truth - the truth of statements.

Logical truth is founded upon ontological truth.

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Joker’s commentary on society

Joker’s commentary on society

Joker is a psychological movie, showing the dangers of group action and the power of group narratives.

It is a very interesting commentary on society as it mirrors the phenomenon of dei...

A dangerous movie

Many reviewers see the Joker as a dangerous film because it might inspire incels to identify with the character as a hero and copy him.

The real evil to be feared is a broken, frustrated society that is willing to participate in almost purposeless acts of violence, then put deeper meaning into it, and ultimately use it as a springboard for mass violence and brutality.

Society and Mass Violence

Gotham City in Joker is a fundamentally broken city.

  • Arthur Fleck (the Joker) is failed by every level of society.
  • However, every class in Joker wants to shift the blame.
  • When Arthur commits murder, society turns this purposeless act of violence into an act of social rebellion.
  • Despite knowing nothing about the reason for the murder, Gotham's people imbue it with shared meaning, forcing this event into their narrative, and held Joker as a hero.
  • When Arthur commits another purposeless murder, it sparks riots.
  • The real villain of the movie is the broader society that latches onto actions and imbues them with nonexistent meaning to justify their own crimes.

3 more ideas

Apocalyptic movies

Ever since 1950, movies dealing with topics such as climate change, asteroid impacts, nuclear holocausts, pandemic etc have greatly increased in number. Especially between 2010 and 2019, these ...

Thanos, the character

In 'Avengers: Infinity War', Thanos is one of the main characters: a purple giant warlord, who believes that there are too many people in the Universe with not enough resources. Furthermore, he plans and eventually succeeds to make half of the world population disappear by snapping his jeweled fingers.

However, the truth seems to be quite the opposite: the more individuals we are, the more resources we can enjoy.

Humanity and its improving pace

Individuals tend to generally believe that things cannot go but from bad to worse. However, history has always proven that there is place for and improvement will forever happen, at its own pace.

Humanity might have lost most of its faith in the ability of improving, however, this process is real and occurring over and over again.

Nostalgia Reloaded

Nostalgia Reloaded

Pop culture, be it movies, music or TV series, is increasingly and blatantly relying on the past, and using our feeling of the longing of the past, our nostalgia, to bait us into watching or liking...

Back To The Future

The 1960s and the 70s saw imaginative ‘future’ oriented shows like Star Trek TOS, animated series like the Jetsons, and groundbreaking science fiction stories by gifted writers, most of which turned into blockbuster movies.

The world, which was looking forward at that time, is now increasingly looking backwards.

The Nostalgia Paradox

The feeling of nostalgia should be high when the present is unpleasant, but this isn't what is happening.

Today’s world offers infinitely better technology, information, and comfort than in the past. We have better civil rights, liberty, and greater opportunities(and options) for a successful life. Still, we hanker for the past, making this a Nostalgia Paradox.